Aster and other, Wild, Specimens from Napoleon's Tomb

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Aster (perhaps Bellis but definitely Astoracae) Combined with Other, Wild Specimens. From Nappoleon’s Tomb, Les Invalides, Paris, France, July 18, [1904]

Les Invalides, originally built by Louis XIV as a hospital for injured soldiers is currently (2003, c. e.) the site of Napoleon’s Tomb and the Musée de l’Armée (a comprehensive war museum).

At his reinterment Napoleaon was apparently dressed in the green uniform of the Chasseurs de la Garde and encased in six coffins. Starting from the inside: iron, mahogany, two of lead, ebony, and the outer one that we see that is oak. The tomb rests on a pedestal of green granite and is surrounded by 12 victory pillars. Napoleon’s enduring popularity, not only among French nationalists, rests upon his identification with salvation from the chaos and cruelty following the French Revolution.

When analyzed using modern scientific techniques in the 1960s, c.e., samples of Napoleon’s hair, long treasured souvenirs, were found to contain significant quantities of arsenic. The possibility of a British poisoning was discussed. Their most famous prisoner was held on the island of Elba until Or were the French Bourbons so unwilling for Napoleon to return that they had had him poisoned? Napoleon had got on very badly with the British Governor of St Helena, Sir Hudson Lowe. And in his will Napoleon claimed that he had been ‘murdered by the British Oligarchy’. No further evidence of a murder plot has been uncovered.