Category:Natural Disasters and Really Bad Storms
Hurricane Dog was the most intense Atlantic hurricane of the 1950 Atlantic hurricane season. The fourth named storm of the season, Dog developed on August 30 to the east of Antigua; after passing through the northern Lesser Antilles, it turned to the north and intensified into a Category 5 hurricane. Dog reached its peak intensity with winds of 185mph over the open Atlantic and after weakening, it passed within 200 miles of Cape Cod.
Hurricane Dog caused extensive damage to the Leeward Islands, and was considered the most severe hurricane on record in Antigua. Many buildings were destroyed or severely damaged on the island, with thousands left homeless just weeks after 1950 season. Hurricane Baker had caused serious damage there. In the United States, the hurricane caused moderate coastal damage, including damage to several boats, and resulted in 11 offshore drownings. Strong winds caused widespread power outages across southeastern New England.
On September 6 Hurricane Hunters estimated peak winds of 185mph 450 miles south-southwest of Bermuda. At the time, reconnaissance practices were in their infancy, so it is possible the hurricane was over-estimated. Although the wind speed measurements may not be accurate, Dog was a formidable hurricane while over the western Atlantic, producing wave heights of over 100 feet.
Passing through the Lesser Antilles, Hurricane Dog produced a storm surge of 8 feet in Antigua. Winds on Antigua and Barbuda were estimated at 130mph with a gust of 144|mph recorded at St. John's, Antigua and Barbuda. On Antigua, where hurricane force winds were reported for 6 hours, residents considered it the most severe hurricane in history. Hurricane Dog left thousands homeless on Antigua, just weeks after Hurricane Baker caused severe damage on the island. Damage throughout the Lesser Antilles totaled $1 million (1950) USD. The passage of the hurricane resulted in several shipwrecks; two people drowned when their small boat capsized.
In the Mid-Atlantic States, heavy levels of precipitation were reported, leading to flash floods in some locations. The hurricane produced high tides and rough surf along the East Coast of the United States, with coastal flooding reported along some beaches in Rhode Island. The hurricane capsized or damaged several boats along the coastline, including two large vessels in Nantucket, Massachusetts. In Marblehead, Massachusetts, the surf grounded at least 15 vessels from the harbor onto a coastal causeway. Near Cape Cod, damage to fishermen's assets totaled $150,000 (1950) USD. Tides along Nantucket were reported at the highest levels since the 1944 Great Atlantic Hurricane.
Naming, records and aftermath
During the 1950, 1951, and 1952 seasons, Atlantic hurricanes were named using the Joint Army/Navy Phonetic Alphabet.<ref name="atwc">Template:Cite web</ref> However, Hurricane Dog was referred to as "the great hurricane in the central Atlantic" in newspaper reports, and its name was seldom used.<ref name="cp92"/> Operationally, hurricanes were not referred to by name until 1952.<ref name="ap83152">Template:Cite news</ref>
Hurricane Dog retains the record for longest continuous duration for a Category 5 hurricane. On September 4, Hurricane Dog was one of three simultaneous Atlantic hurricanes, along with Charlie and Easy. This is a rare occurrence in the Atlantic Ocean, and has only happened six times since 1950—in 1961, 1967, 1980, 1995, 1998, and 2005. This also occurred on August 31 with Baker, Charlie and Dog.<ref name="hurdat"/>