Letters of Rensselaer William Foote; the 1840s

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1840

Letter from Rensselaer Foote, New York, to his brother Charles, Delhi, New York, 3 April, 1840 "10 1/2 o'clock at night":

My dear Charles,
Enclosed I send You the $4 I borrowed of you. I would have sent it Yesterday afternoon, but an accident happened on the Rail Road and I did not get over to Newark until to-day. We didn't get to Catskill till one o'clock at night, and at N York Wednesday night. I am happy to day [[Baldwin Family of New York City and Newark, New Jersey |Uncle Jesse]] let me have $5.0 today, and in a few days let me have 50 more, which all I want. The folks are well as usual, and Uncle Jesse says he is anxious to have the property divided when You and Mr Marvine come down. I am afraid to ask about little Charley — I fear hs is dead — I am at Lovejoys for the present — Perhaps I shall be here when You come down, at any rate You can put a letter in the Post office for me — Bring a little Sugar with You. I went to the Tabernacle this afternoon to see Aunt Louisa and Emily who went to hear Mr. Kuolk preach, and in the morning I have got to call on them — my love to all.
Your affectionate brother, Rensselaer

"He was fired upon near Fort King, Florida, by a party of about seventy Indians, who were concealed in the palmettos, near a hammock, killing four of his men," The Evening Post, New York City, 11 May, 1840:

Indian News.—On the 27th of April, as [Captain Rains] of the [7th United States Infantry|7th Infantry,] with eighteen mounted men, was returning from a scout, he was fired upon near [Fort King], Florida, by a party of about seventy Indians, who were concealed in the palmettos, near a hammock, killing four of his men, and wounding five, besides disabling the Captain himself. Three of the savages were killed by the return fire.
Captain Rains, previously to leaving the Fort, had concealed in the hammock, a shell, covered with blankets, which the Indians removed, and the shell exploding, some of them, it is presumed, lost their lives, as blood was seen about the spot by the troops.
A volunteer, named Sanders, of Captain Hinely's company, was killed about the same time by the Indians, about four miles from [Newmansville,] and another man wounded. These white men were alone.
On the same night, Stanley's plantation, within three miles of Newmansville, was visited by the Indians, and houses, with the crop of last year totally destroyed.

Democratic Standard, Georgetown, Ohio, 17 November, 1840:

The Soldiers at Jefferson Barracks, St. Louis, are said to be very unhealthy, and many of them are deserting.

"The whole army is now, and will remain, in pursuit of the enemy." Lewis Addison Armistead in the New York Evening Post 10 December, 1840 from Head Quarters Army of Florida, Fort King, 24 November, 1840.

We publish below a copy of a letter received by the Secretary of War from Gen. Armistead, commanding the army in Florida, showing the nature and extent of the military operations against the hostile Indians since their recent faithless conduct in breaking off the negotiations entered into with them in pursuance of their own professed wises. It will be seen that the Commanding General is vigorously pushing his operations against them, though he is at the same time seeking every opportunity of negotiating with them for the peaceable termination of the war, and their emigration to the homes of their brethren in the West.

Headquarters Army of Florida.
Fort King, Nov. 24, 1840.
Sir: I have the honor of acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 10th inst.

The whole army is now, and will remain, in pursuit of the enemy. Every inducement is however held out to them to trust. The bands of Halics Tustenuggee and Tiger Tail are pursued by a detachment of the 2d Infantry. The 7th is now in the field. The Dragoons, of which six companies are on the upper St. John's are actively employed in that section. The 8th regiment leaves this morning for Tampa, securing the country on the route, embracing the Wahoo and the other hiding places on the Withlacoochie. The 6th regiment is in the country between the Hillsborough and Withlacoochie. The 1st regiment is scouting along the Gulf shore below Tampa, with boats, accompanied by a steamer and two schooners.
I have deemed these movements necessary as the entire bands of the enemy have confined themselves to the swamps and along that coast, from whence they make their predatory excursions; and it is there alone, that they can be most annoyed.
To the north of Fort King they make occasional inroads, but to bring them to a sense of what they ought to do, their families and strongholds must be broken up.
The delegation are in utter astonishment at the manner in which [Halics Tustenuggee] and his party left them, as they had given me and the party repeated assurances of their determination to emigrate. This want of faith has not deterred me from using exertions to communicate with the Seminoles, and I have despatched three of the delegation, with their consent, to hold intercourse with their relations and friends.
I will continue every exertion to fulfil the requirements of the Government by treaty or otherwise.
I shall leave this place in a few days for Tampico, where my head quarters will be established; please direct accordingly. I am, sir, very respectfully, your obd't serv't

W.K. Armistead, Brig. Gen. Com. Army of Florida.

From the Globe New York Evening Post, 10 December, 1840

"How much better a good trade would be for me, than kicked about in the army,— Your health destroyed, and always poor.—" Letter from Rensselaer Foote, New York City, to his siblings, addressed "Mr. Charles Foote, Delhi, New York," 13 December, 1840:

My dear Brothers and Sisters,
My calculations are some what disappointed, and I am going to Florida on Tuesday without being able to see You again. You may be sure that I am much grieved at this, and would rejoice to be able to see You before leaving, but it is now too late, and I can only hope to see You some time hence — if my life is spared. I was at Philadelphia last week on a visit to some friends. I am going to Florida because I am well as I expect to be this winter here—and because it is my duty to go. I sail next this week, the 15th, in Company with two other officers and a Detachment of 100 Recruits, for Pilatka, Florida by the way of Savannah. I am in a great hurry now to get ready, and so cannot write much,— You must bid Aunt Margaret and Ebenezer good bye, for me, and tell her she has not Yet answered my letter, and kiss my little nephew George for me. I send $5 for James and will send more next month—Dont fail to write me soon and direct to "Lieut. RW. Foote, 6th Infy. U.S.A. Tampa Bay. Middle Florida"— write soon and tell mr. Marvine he has forgotten also to answer my letter — Remember me to those who inquire about me, and tell General Root I am sorry I did not see him.
I was over to Newark some two weeks ago, and saw Grandma, Aunt Louisa, and Emily.— Grandma seems in pretty good health. and now I must bid You farewell and may the Almighty take care of, and bless You all—

Your sincere and affectionate brother Rensselaer

My dear James- I hope You will Study hard this winter, and make the most of Your time. If You are only a mind to, You [] can be almost any thing. You are a mind to. You please. You have natural abilities which you will carry You through most anything, and I hope You have common sense enough to See the folly of being so unsteady as I was at Your age. How much better a good trade would be for me, than kicked about in the army,— Your health destroyed, and always poor.— but I've no time to write more.— Kiss Kate for me, and tell her I shall write soon — and you must write too, and tell me how You get along Rensselaer

On board ship, narrow's, Dec. 16. 10a.m.
I send have not sent You any money Yet, but will soon — I'm rather short going away so, but [tear in page] need not fear I will send it every w[eek]. Rensselaer

Letter from "Head Qrs US Service New York Dec 14. 1840"

Sir
Having seen an article in the New York American intimating that an officer of the 6th Inf had been loafing about the City of New York and making himself conspicuous

1841

"[In] view of the sudden death of your cousin Catherine... remember that we are also passing on towards the grave." Letter from ____ Baldwin, Newark, New Jersey, to "Lieut. R. W. Foote, 6th Infantry, Fort Harrison, East Florida." Written 7 June, postmark, "Jun 8 1841"

Dear R.
I returned from Philadelphia last week where I had been spending some days occasioned by the death of catherine. She died very suddenly on the 14th of last month leaving an infant. She retained her senses to the last & gave the most abundant evidence that religion can support the possessor of it when all other aid fails.

Your letter of the 11th Ult. I found at the Store on my return requesting me to call on Mr. King__ which I did, but found he was not in. that he was sick & would not probably be in the city during the week I called again to-day at the office when I was told that he would probably be in town on Wednesday. Having received your second letter however dated the 19th Ult. repeating the same request I now give you this information & will endeavour to see Mr. King when he comes into the city when I will write again.

Methinks if I were in your situation I would not give myself any uneasiness on account of the communication to which you have referred, but should let my whole deportment be such as to command the esteem of those who possessing true worth of character themselves can not but regard such newspaper squibs as unworthy the consideration of a noble minded man. Above all may I now ask you in view of the sudden death of your cousin Catherine to remember that we are also passing on towards the grave & very soon it will be of far greater an importance to possess the character of even the most humble minded christian than to have vindicated & sustained our claim to the full need of this world's greatness yet destitute of that which can alone give us admittance to the glory & blessedness of heaven. Think of this I pray you & should we not meet again in this world may it be an happiness to meet in the society of the redeemed on high, that society in which I trust many of those we have loved on earth have become united.

I will leave the remainder of this sheet for Louisa & Emily. Harriet desires to be remembered to you
I remain Yours &c C[aleb] Baldwin

From Louisa, 1841 To "Lieut. R. W. Foote, 6th Infantry, Fort Harrison, East Florida." Postmark "Newark, N.J., Jun 8"

Dear Resalear
I presume by this time you have given up all idea of receiving an answer to your letter & I certainly did not intend permitting it to remain so long unacknowledged but you know it was written ere you had arrived as your destination consequently I was ignorant of your "whereabouts", your subsequent letter to Emily enlightened us on this point & I plead guilty of unwarrantable neglect— but you need not think yourself singular in this respect— I treat most of my correspondents in the same style. Emily was at the south on the receipt of your last, she has not returned as yet but we expect her soon, she will probably write you when she arrives— She & William are visiting their sister in Maryland— With respect to your lady love I am happy to inform you that she is I believe so far as I can judge from appearances for you know that I have not the pleasure of her acquaintance enjoying a good degree of health & happiness. & what is still better for you I suppose she is "free as air" at least so report says— be encouraged therefore mon cher ami, win laurels, & you may yet aspire to her heart and hand. a faint heart &c you know— How is your health now? Have you had any return of the fever & ague? Is not the weather oppressively warm with you? it is so even here And now dear R— allow me before I close affectionately to urge you not to forget in the midst of all your business pleasure & engagements that you have an immortal soul— sometimes pause & think of death & the eternity beyond! I have not space to add much more— Ma is much as when you left her rheumatism is very troublesome— she desires much love to you— Farewell ever affectionately
Yours Louisa

Letter from O.B.B. to "Lieut. R. W. Foote, 6th Infantry, Fort Harrison, East Florida." Postmark, Newark, N.J., 8 June, 1841

Dear Rensealar
I feel a deep interest in your welfare but you must allow me to say that in regard to Postage my means are limited I shall therefore be obliged to write seldom. I think you attach more importance to a anonymous publication than it merits those who are disposed at this late hour (some six months after) to treat you with indifference are not worthy of your notice just let these things alone & they will die a natural death. Suppose the President was to demand of editors the authors of all such publications he would have to employ more than one clerk to attend to that alone— Mr Van Buren never regarded these things— Indeed I am glad they talk about you it tends to prove you are of some consequence Do you your duty, & dont expect to please every one
O.B.B.

"Baldwin, Oliver B. m. d. 1 Park Church Place," Newark, New Jersey Directory, 1851-2.

"This will make some 600 or 700 Indians sent out of the Country the past year," Letter from Rensselaer Foote, Tampa Bay, Fla. to his brother, Charles, 13 October, 1841:

Dear Brother,

I Enclose You $10—five for Sister Catherine and five for James — I had hard work to get the bill, as Uncle Sam don't have any thing to do with paper money — nothing but gold and silver here. That bill though, is as good as gold here—and I suppose there is only one or two per cent discount on[-] it at NYork — You must make Jim pay the postage.

Yesterday and to-day have been important for Tampa — as 260 rascally Indians, and negroes, are being sent down in a steamboat, to a vessel in the Bay to take them out of the Country — to their new homes in Arkansas — Some old Chiefs are among the number. Hos-pee-tah-kee, and Co-a-coo-chee,.— This will make some 600 or 700 Indians sent out of the Country the past year—and some people think there can't be a great many more—but a Year ago it was not thought there were 300 in the whole Country— Things look a little brighter at any rate, the middle of October has come and the weather is somewhat cooler — a person can live now, Even in the Stemy South, without Entirely melting away — and so, if the Indians want to fight, now is the time (for us) — Some of the Companies here are already ordered to take the field. and I suppose my Company will have to start out by-and-by—

I hope You received the money I sent a few weeks ago, by the way of Washington, to Mr Hobbie — but I have not heard fro You about it— I want to hear from You very much. I shall send James more soon —

and I am going to write to Catherine soon as possible — that is, soon as this hot weather is all gone—

Remember me to all
Your affect Brother Renss W Foote

P.S. I shall enclose this to Mr. Gordon,—if his franking privilege has stopped, don't forget to pay him the postage—

"It is astonishing what a great variety of queer things there are in this Country," Letter from Rensselaer Foote, Fort Simmons on Caloosahatchee River Florida, Nov. 25th 1841, to his sister Catherine B. Foote

My dear Sister,
It is a long time since I have heard from You — I have been going to write you this long time, but something has always prevented me from it, and now, I would prefer to wait until I could send you a little money, which will be some weeks — I sent some $25 in bills of New Orleans to Charles, via of Washington — I hope he got it. but I have not heard a word about it. We are so out of the world here just now that it is almost impossible to hear any thing. We are now come hundred miles to the South of Tampa, up a river, almost a hundred miles from the Gulf — right in the wilderness, on the Edge of the Everlasting Everglades, or Swamps. I believe there is nothing to the South of us that can be called land, it is either cut up into small Islands, or large swamps. There seems no End here to Palmetto and Cabbage trees, alligators and Musquitoes. We are a little above the place where Col. Harney was attacked by the Indians some Year or two ago, and so many massacred — and we are not far from the battle ground of O-kee-chobee Lake, where, in 1837 Col. Thompson, (son of Aunt Thompson, West Point) of our Regiment, and so many other officers were Killed. The River we <were> are on Empties into Charlotte Harbour, which you may see by the map, at a place called Punta Rassa. We stopped there two or three days. This is the spot which You must have seen in the papers, was lately overflown by the water in the most wonderful manner. The water rushed over a place (where I had my tent lately) to the depth of 10 feet, carrying almost Everything with it; provisions, cattle and tents — the officers and men got into trees — one man was drowned in the Hospital. Major Belknap (of the Leavenworth family ) commands here. He’s a regular soldier in high favor with Col Worth, and t hey say he has never missed getting up a Reveille (daybreak) and shaving, for the last twenty Years! He told me, himself, I believe, something like it. The Company I belong to came up to this Port in Mackinaw boats from Punta Rassa, almost 100 miles, which distance our men rowed up again a strong current, in less than three days. Some of the other Companies come up in a steamboat which can get up higher than this place. We had a fine chance to shoot Alligators who were lolling on the banks in the sun. There are strange looking rivers here, not like those at the north. This one is about 150 feet wide, and 20 or 30 feet deep—just as deep at the edge of the shore as in the middle of the stream, and winds and twists about like a snake. The banks are covered thick with shrubbery, and tall trees, from which mass hangs down to the water’s edge, giving the appearance of a forest of ^weeping^ willow trees, and then they are green at all seasons of the Year, and flowers in great abundance. It is astonishing what a great variety of queer things there are in this Country— Coming up the river the Major pointed out to us this Bread fruit tree and a species of Plumb, some of which we eat, and all got sick, however, Lieut Alvord vomited for 2 or 3 hours— Well, only think, here it is the last of November and the weather is oppressively warm Yet—no signs of Winter down this way—sleigh bells are never heard here — We are expecting now soon, to go out into the swamps, to wash about in dirty water, and be eat up by Musquitoes — well, we get paid for [it?] and when we don’t like it, we can stop. I do want to hear from you very much — to hear how ‘’all the folks’’ are, and what is going on— and what James is about, and Ebenezer, &c. besides all the news of the village. I am on Guard with 30 men— some 200 Yards from Camp, for 24 hours— I shall not be relieved in until to-morrow— It is now 5 o’clock in the morning, and I am writing to You in my tent from the top of a bread barrel!— but, as the wind is getting high, and blows my light, I just close. Remember me to all, and make my Compliments to Mr. and Mrs. Gould.
Your affectionate Brother Rensselaer
To Catherine B. Foote (care of H.D. Gould, Esqr, Delhi, New York) http://www.fortwiki.com/Fort_Denaud

The National Gazette, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 17 December, 1840;2:

The ship Liverpool sailed from New York on Wednesday morning, for Savanna, having on board one hundred and six recruits for the 2d regiment of infantry in Florida. Capt. J. Dimick, 1st artillery, (who returns to Fort Columbus) commands the detachment. Lieuts J.W. Penrose, 2d infantry, and R.W. Foote, 6th infantry, are attached to the command. Those officers will join their regiments in Florida. Capt. S. Mackenzie, 2d artillery, who goes to Florida for his health, was a passenger.

1842

"Florida Troops," New Orleans Times-Picayune, 13 March, 1842, Sunday, p.2:

The second battalion, sixth infantry, of Florida troops, which left [Jefferson Barracks] (Mo.) in 1836 for the Florida service, left this city yesterday evening, in the Meteor, for their old quarters, near St. Louis. The officers are a noble set of fellows. We give a list of them below:

Wm. Hoffman, Major; Charles McCormick, Assistant Surgeon; G. Dorr, Captain; G. Andrews, Captain; A. Cady, Captain; Thomas Hendrickson, 1st Lieut.; H.W. Wharton, 1st Lieut.; J.D. Bacon, 2d Lieut.; L.A. Armistead, 2d Lieut.; R.L. Urnst, Brevet 2d Lieut.; E.L. Clark and E.P. Spaulding, Sutlers.

"Hunting Indians must be such a pleasant excitement, and then the climate so pleasant," Letter to R.W. Foote, Jefferson Barracks, Missouri, from his cousin Emily, Newark, New Jersey, March 16th [1842?]

Dear Rennssalaer
I am sorry you think I have neglected you by my long silence and I assure you it was not intentional. I do not know how it is, I have said a thousand times I would write and as often past it off, but I hate appoligies, suffice it I am sorry and that is a good deal for a woman to say, but let this not add to your vanity for most men have their full share of it. How can you ever complain of your mode of life I think it is delightful to be sure I should not like the chances of being shot but still it is so different from the monotonous life we lead promenading broad-way to meet the fashionable and exquisties, and hunting Indians <is> must be such a pleasant excitement, and then the climate so pleasant that you can enjoy a ramble at any time. Physicians now say that the climate of Florida is more beneficial than that of Italy for <invidids> invilids.

pray tell me what young squaw have you fallen in love with, for you must be in love to send in a letter without being sealed. This is the only way I can ever account for it. next time you write do try to fold, direct, and seal, your letter without thinking of her, beautiful though she may be, or you will send your next without a direction

Oh what sordid creatures you men are, money is all they think of, all they wish for. who would believe, that you would remember that Miss [T/J?] so long, merely because you heard she was rich, such an ugly looking girl too, and you never spoke to her, do not know her, and then pretend to be in love with her, Oh what a sad world this is, unfortunately I do not visit her, they are very plain people and not much in society I am sorry but I can not deliver your message for even for your sake I can not add her to my list of friends. I will do my best for you if you will mention anyone I know but they must be rich.

I wish very much you were here is there no hope of seeing you, this summer, or is your health too good to afford an excuse for coming north, I think we would enjoy some long walks this pleasant weather. I often think of our visit to Niblo's and the pleasant evening we spent, what has become of all your New York friends do you never hear from them?

We have had a Lieutenant stationed here for some time his name was Armstrong, and a very pleasant man he was too. he said he had seen you but did not know you, his wife was young pretty and very entertaining, they were both liked very much and we were sorry when they left

I hear that Jefferson Barracks is a delightful station with very pleasant society so I do not wonder at your being pleased with going

And now as to all of our family they are in status quo Sister is going to have a house of her own in a month or two for I believe she is tired of boarding. Grandma and Aunt Louisa are well and send love she received your letter and that one was sealed, as for myself in answer to your inquiring I am not married, and have no thought of being, you would advise me to think of Fortune but this has no weight with me, and seldom has <abou> with any woman The heart is her treasure and when she has that she has all she wishes

Your brother James is to be in Newark soon you know he is studying law, so I am always happy to hear from you whenever you feel inclined to write and now good bye with many wishes for your health and happiness and a safe return to your friends

Your affectionate Cousin Emily

Aunt Louisa says she will answer you letter soon She is not very well now Yours Emily

"They are the celebrated choctaws, who, I believe have never been at war with us." Letter from Rensselaer Foote, Fort Towson, C[hoctaw] Nation, 15 June 1842, to his sister Catharine B. Foote, care of H.D. Gould, Esq, Delhi

My dear Sister,
It is a long time Since I have heard from You— My life has lately been full of change, that I cannot depend on any thing. On my arrival at Jefferson Barracks last March from Florida I did hope to remain for some months or years at a good Port, in a civilized country, but we were only there just long enough to think about being comfortable, when we received orders to start for this place, about 2,000 miles from St. Louis by water, but only half the distance by land. It took four steamboats to bring us here, and we were about a month getting here. Only think of coming a 1,000 miles up one River (Red River). This river is very crooked, and we were constantly winding about— it is also full of logs, which gave us a good deal of trouble. Indeed, I have now got so far off here to the West that I almost despair of getting back. We are so far to the West that some people say the sun sets only a few miles west of us!— At any reat you can imagine we are a considerable way off from Delhi when I tell you that interesting Country called Texas is only six miles from us— and I have already been on Texian soil. This is a rich and wonderful Country all about us. We have now new potatoes, green peas, Lettuce, Beans, etc— Blackberries are all gone. I suppose you have not yet had them. Peaches are going to be very abundant. I expect they will be ripe in the course of a month.

We are right in among Indians again, but quite another class. They are the celebrated choctaws, who, I believe have never been at war with us, and, who pride themselves upon their friendship [] for the whites. Some of them live in very comfortable houses, have fine farms, and dress like white people. A few of them talk English. They have missionaries in the nation, and books published in the Choctaw language. They seem to be a very quiet inoffensive people.

I want to hear from you very much. I send you $5— a small trifle which I want you not to give to Foreign Societies for the support of idle Missionaries, but to purchase for yourself some useful article, or, else give it to some of the poor in your own native place. I wish I could send you more. I meant to have sent James some, but my expenses have been heavy lately, and now I suppose he don't need it— as he has money of his own. I am very happy that he has set down to do something, and glad to think that he will do well. When you write, instead of a long moral discourse, I want you to tell me all about our old friends,— not forgetting old [Tim]— yes and Anna Mc'[Gregor], and a hundred others, whom I think more and more of, as they are gradually dropping off the Stage of Life. What is Mr. Marvine doing, and how is little George?— You must remember to give my compliments to Mrs. Gould and her husband— and love to my brothers and sisters, and write soon. Your affect Brother Rensselaer.

"Death of General Atkinson." clipping from the Democratic Free Press, Detroit, Michigan, 29 June, 1842, p.4:

We regret to be compelled to announce to our readers, that Brigadier General Atkinson, of the U.S. Army, died at Jefferson Barracks last evening, at 5 1/4 o'clock. The funeral will take place at 11 o'clock, to-mmorrow, (Thursday,) at Jefferson Barracks. Friends and acquaintances are respectfully invited to attend.

Sincerely do we sympathize with the very estimable and bereaved family of the General. Their loss is irreparable; and we will add, that one of the noblest and most gallant spirits the Army could boast, has taken its flight to another and better world, and the nation has lost 'a patriot without reproach.' —St. Louis Reporter, June 15th.

From Captain Dorr, Jefferson Barracks [Missouri]

Jefferson Barracks, south of St. Louis, Missouri.

Dr sir 3d April 1842
The memorandum of the amount of money in your ___ to me being mislaid. will you please send it to me if you know the amount by Sergt Bradford
Very Respect Yours
G. Dorr Capt

1843

Invitation to R. Foote, Fort Gibson 6 April 1843

The Harmonic and Thespian Society, Beg to inform Lieut. Foote. that their Benefit takes Place this evening, on which occassion will be Presented the much admired Play of Castle Spectre After which a Variety of Songs, Dances, &c: &c: &c: &c. To conclude by Particular request, with the laughable Farce Raising the Wind Door open at the usual hour
J. Clark Secretary

"I will not taste no more liquor during my time I have only four months to stay now," Letter from an enlisted soldier, Stephen Everett to R.W. Foote, Fort Smith Arkansas, 21 April, 1843

To Liutnt. Foote
Sir if you please will you make application to Capt Seawright and endeavour to get me released you will do me a great favour Sir by so doing. my conduct as a soldier has not benn as correct as it ought to have been but nevertheless, sir it might have been worse it has been two months since I where tried before and preceeding that Court martial it where four months Lieutnt if I am released I will not lay myself liable during the remainder of my time I will not taste no more liquor during my time I have only four months to stay now I hope I may have money sufficient to get me decent clothing and likewise to pay my expenses home as it is a long distance i am a native of New Jersey in the townshipp of woodbridge middlesex--County within thirteen miles of Newark City my friends are respectable and wealthy Stephen [H.?] Everett

Masonic Fraternity Invitation, Van Buren Arkansas, 5 june 1843

Anniversary Ball
You are respectfully solicited to attend a ball to be given in Van Buren by the Masonic Fraternity, on the 24th instant. Managers Tho's H. Johnson, Henry Starr, Jr. John Gregg, John Henry, James A. Dibrell.

Theatre announcement Fort Gibson, 3 July 1843

Benefit of the Dramatic Association
The members of the association beg to announce to Lieut. Foote that this evening their benefit takes place and positively the last night prior to the refitting and adornment of the house. The proceeds of the night for the purpose of defraying the necessary expenses on which occasion will be presented Shakspears celebrated play of The Merchant of Venice Curtailed in 2 acts (reserving all the part of Shylock) after which An[blis] of Songs Recitations &c&c To conclude with for the 1st time here and by particular desire the 1st Act of the evil Eye. Barr as Demetria in imitation of Forest. and sincerely hopes the pieces selected for the occasion will merit with your patronage and support as nothing shall be left undone on the part of the members to merit them.

Certificate of Promotion to Lieut. R.W. Foote 6th Infantry Fort Gibson, signed by James Madison Porter, War Department, 25 November 1843

Sir:
You are hereby informed that the President of the United States has promoted you to the rank of First Lieutenant in the Sixth Regiment of the United States Infantry, to take effect from the twenty second day of November, 1843, vice 1st Lt. [J.B.S. Ford] promoted: by and with the advise and consent of the Senate, you will be commissioned accordingly.

You will proceed without delay to join your Company (F) at Fort Smith, and report by letter to the Commanding Officer of your Regiment at Fort Towson. J.M. Porter Secretary of War.

1844

"I lived by myself having a black woman (a Slave) cook for me..." Letter from Rensselaer to his Brother Charles in Delhi, 7 January 1844

My Dear Brother
I hope that you will be glad to hear that I am promoted to 1st Lieutenancy after being so long a 2nd Lieutenant. I feel much rejoiced in it myself, for I was really tired of being a 2nd!— I suppose , in course of time you will see my name paraded in the newspapers as large as life, and everybody who desires to see my name before the public will have the opportunity. what is more essential is, that as we toil up a step our pay is increased a little. To me this is particularly grateful, as somehow or other I got in debt at Fort Gibson. It is perfectly unaccountable to me why I could not, the last year, live on $65 a month, or some $799 a year,— and in such a place, too,— where one would suppose no money could be spent, unless in gambling or horse-racing, neither one of which I do. I lived by myself, having a black woman, (a Slave) to cook for me, paying her mistress $8 a month for her, besides, she was extravagant, and sometimes, I think dishonest.— selling my small groceries. And then I kept a horse, and had to hire a man to take care of him.— So that when I wound up, (or tried to wind up my affairs there about three weeks since I found myself considerably in debt, more that I expected, and I inwardly resolved on two things, 1st to get out of debt, and 2nd and lastly to keep out of debt. To do this will require the nicest kind of economy for about three months. Some two or three months before leaving there I found myself going down hill, and immediately, though with much reluctance, I disposed of my horse, and now intend to go on foot for a while. This Fort Smith is a small thriving village on the Arkansas River, and the Government has a splendid brick Fort nearly finished right in the town, but it requires a new appropriation to finish it, which might be done in six months if there was any money, but it now stands still like many other useful things, for want of money. I wish it was done, for we would then have good quarters, within almost a stone's throw of the Hotel. As it is now, we live about a mile from the town of Fort Smith, and not in very good quarters, and besides I have to tramp that mile through the mud to my meals. There are only two companies here now, but it is expected there will be two more in the spring. I am now living "cheap as dirt", as the saying is, compared to what my expenses were at Fort Gibson, and my additional pay is not to be laughed at neither, as I draw $5 a month for 1st Lieut. and 20 cents a day additional since last November for 5 years service, as every officer draws an extra ration (or 20 cents) for every 5 years service.— So that my additional pay is about $11 a month.

There is nothing very new here, except a rise in the river and several boats up from New Orleans. The Indians are all quiet, though there was a horid murder near Fort Gibson a few days after I left. an account of which you will see in the p[ ]pers. The man /Indian/ who was rich and of respectable [connexions], was to be hung yesterday. He murdered his wife. I knew him slightly. As I am near the end of my sheet I cannot tell you all I would like to, but I wish you would see Col. Paine and request him to direct my papers to Fort Smith. Remember me to Mr. and Mrs Gould and give my love to brothers and sisters. I hope to hear from you soon. I believe I answered yours and Catherine's letter at Fort Gibson. A happy new Years to you all Your Sincere brother Rensselaer

Invitation from Zachary Taylor, Fort Smith, Arkansas to R.W. Foote, Fort Smith

Genl. Taylor presents his respects to Lt. Foote & requests the pleasure of his company to dinner to day, at half past one oclock p.m.
Febry – 14th 1844

1845

Colonel John Drennen House, Van Buren, Crawford County, Arkansas. [LoC]

Invitation from Col. J. Drennen, Van Buren, 4 January 1845

Col. Drennen respectfully requests the pleasure of your company, at his house, on Tuesday Evening, the 14th inst., at seven o'clock.

"A great many people pass here to go to Texas everyday. Whole families travel in large covered wagons," Letter from R.W. Foote, Fort Smith Arkansas, to his Sister "Miss C.B. Foote, Delhi, New York," 8th December, 1845

My dear Sister
It is a long time since I wrote to You, and a good while too since I have heard from Delhi. I intended to have written long ago, but one thing and another prevented me. I have had the Fever and Ague for a long time, and You don't know how miserable a person feels with them—he feels like anything Else but writing letters, ever home to a Sister. I have now, however, recovered from them and, as the school book says, "I sit down to write You."—I am indeed, quite ashamed of myself, for week after week and day after day I have said to myself, "to-morrow I will write to Delhi," but when the to-morrow Come it was put off for the next day, forgetting the wise saying, of '"Put not off to-morrow what should be done to-day."—— To tell you the plain truth I do not like letter writing, and I become worse and worse every day, but I am not, as You expressed Your fears becoming dissipated—neither is it for selfulness, for I think of You every day, but purely negligence

I remain in the same place I have been in for the last two Years—none of my Regiment has gone to Texas, and we live very comfortably here, and don't trouble ourselves or think half as much about Texas and Mexico as You do at the north.
A great many people pass here to go to Texas everyday. Whole families travel in large covered wagons, and drive their cattle with them.

The weather for the last ten days has been very cold here, something like Delhi, and we have had Ice some 3 or 4 Inches thick. The change in the weather was very sudden, as we had Radishes and other vegetables to eat here the first of November. The People in the town of Fort Smith have filled their Ice houses, which are they had not done before for several years. It is raining to-day, and is not so cold.

There is some trouble here in the Cherokee nation—some murders have been committed, and two companies of Dragoons have been ordered there. There is a good deal of excitement in the nation, and there is no telling where matters will end. There are three parties—one the Ross party against the two others, the old Settlers, and the Treaty party. It is too long a story to explain in this letter. Some of the Indians are about here drawing provisions from the Government.
I was much grieved to hear of the death of Aunt Margaret—I had hoped to see her again. You have had, it seems, terrible times in Delaware County. I should like much to hear from You, and know how every one is. What is Jim and Charley about?——and how is Frances, and Ebenezer?—

Within the seal of this letter you will find a small piece of Gold $2.50—I will write you before long again, and send you some more.
Rember me to mr marvine and Frances, and Charley and Jim. and make my respects to Mr. and Mrs. Gould
Your affectionate Brother,
RenSselaer W Foote

1846

1847

Letter to Charles A. Foote from the U.S. Adjt. Genl's Office, Washington, D.C., in response to his inquiry about the whereabouts of his brother, R.W. Foote, 29 May 1847

Sir.
In reply to your letter of the 23rd [ults]. to the Secretary of War, I have to inform you that Lieut. R.W. Foote 6th Infantry is at Fort Washita, Ark. Ter. I am Respectfully yr. ob. sevt, E.D Townsend Asst. Adjt. Genl.

1848

"Whether Cass or Taylor or somebody else (David Wilmot for instance) will be the next President remains to be seen," Letter from [George C. Taylor] to Rensselaer Foote, New York, 11 June 1848

My dear Fellow
I received your short reply to my hearty scrawl, which I dispatched to you one rainy afternoon from the American last winter and, I confess i ought to have replied to it before now.— You say mine "was not very interesting.— well.— I assure you that I can return the compliment with interest.— Yours, is the ne plus ultra of an uninteresting letter, and you deserve a premium for carrying the art of uninteresting letter writing to the highest possible state of perfection. — And I acknowledge the beat with shameful humiliation.— It is now laying besides me— and I regret exceedingly that I have not kept a metoeralogical Table- that I might give you a description of the weather of the north, about that time by way of contrasting it with your [doaksville] observations.— It appears, that in some of your astronomical surveys you discovered (about 4 o'clock) on Sunday the 19th March,) [divers] "black clouds, which were whirled along with great velocity".— what a singular phenomena!! and "they took a northeasterly course". As I live, in this very direction — you say nothing about the speed at which they were going consequently I am left quite in the dark as to the probable time of their arrival— nothing of the kind has been seen here and I am led to believe that they must have got off the track somewhere.— but really what a naughty Tornado that must have been to expend its fury on the defenseless houses, and fences, and even the "largest pines trees".— it aught to be ashamed of itself,— and what makes it still more aggravating is that it should come when "Mr Kingsbury was not at home".— taking advantage of that pious gentlemans absence to kick up sutch as mess.— it is really to bad, to say the least,—and should be a warning to him not to be gadding about so mutch.—(on Sundays!)—

Another piece of information you were kind enough to inform me of was that "last Thursday I fired sixty six guns on the occasion of the death of the Venerable John Q. Adams". "The guns were heard at Clarksville, Texas. some 40 miles from here." — This was certainly very kind of you and as a friend and admirer of that gifted and truly good (& great) man I tender you my hearty thanks, and I could wish that all guns that have been "fired" lately in that direction had been for as laudable and praise worthy a purpose pray how long did it take you to fire sixty six guns?— I should think it must have been a pretty good days work. I don't believe I ever fired sixty six guns in my life put them all too gether and what thundering guns you must have fired

I always said you would make a noise in the world yet— but never dreamed that you would make yourself heard 40 miles!!!— Every thing goes on pretty mutch as usual here.– the weather just now is cool, and changeable— considerable gatherings about the newspaper offices and bulletin boards. talking politics and drinking cocktails demonstrations at the park and old Tammany are frequent... and whether Cass or Taylor or somebody else (David Wilmot for instance) will be the next President remains to be seen—.— Mrs Eaton and Harriet [Crandall] (Mrs Hyde) are in Troy. Eaton himself is in Buffalo engaged in some express or commission business— Miss Page lives in the City and we often talk over our recollections of (Elm and Franklin Streets) when you made [pertences and watches?] your umbrella— but times are truly not what they were— and I give many a sigh to memory of days that are passed.— Mrs Lawrence the widow who you must recollect as one of our [boarders?] at Mrs Fellows in Mercer Street is dead.— she died with some disease of the brain about 8 weeks ago— one of the best hearted women I ever knew— "Bill Voorhies has lost all of his property, that is if he ever had any I often meet him about town, and sometimes looking quite shabby— not long since he told me that he had opened an extensive wholesale commission store. in Murray near west street and only a few doors from where our Barge lays— and asking my custom when purchasing fish pork salt &c I saw him there several times although his name did not appear on the sign — in the course of three or four weeks however I found the store closed and Bill was missing— I have not seen him since but I conclude he is a poor devil— leading a kind of dishonest swindling vagabond sort of a life—

Now that [peace is declared] and the troops returning to their old quarters, I think you might get away long enough to visit New York.— We that is miss Page and myself would be delighted to see you and extend to you every hospitality do come this Summer... a furlough at this time will make no kind of difference with you hereafter and I am astonished that you do not ask it. Write soon and [Believe] me My D. Fellow Yr Friend Sincerely [George C. Taylor]

The St. Charles Hotel in 1852 was second hotel on this site. In 1840 Rensselaer would have stayed in a nearly identical St. Charles, the first one however, had an enormous domed cupola on top, second in size only to the dome of the Capitol Building in Washington, D.C.

"Arrivals at the Principal Hotels Yesterday." The New Orleans Crescent, New Orleans Louisiana, 12 June, 1848;2

St. Charles.—L. Bush, W. Hall, Dr. L Coursalt, J.L. Cole, La.; T.L. Wheaton, R.W. Foote, Maj. Vandeventer, Capt. Howe, U.S.A.; M. Jones, E.G. Henry, Miss,; H.J. Reilly, N.Y.; J.S. Harris, Tenn.

1849

Sgt. Edwd Thompson requests employment for his Father in Law at "Jefferson Barracks, Mo, 1 January 1849"

Sir,
I take the liberty of addressing you under the following circumstances. My Father in Law, Mr. Williams having reached this post with his family whence he determined to come in consequence of the death of his wife, wishes if possible to obtain employment in the Quartermaster's department, at this post but being unknown here needs a recomendation for that purpose. On his behalf I respectfully request of you this favor in the hope, that it may lead to his obtaining the sort of employment which he seeks. {Your} Sir very respectfully Your obt Servt Edwd Thompson Ord. Sgt Jeff Bks Mo
Mailed January 4th to Lt R.W. Foote, Fort Crawford

Letter from Lt. Levi C. Bootes. Refers to Four Company Commanders; "The Society here is first rate" Fort Snelling I.T, 31 January 1849

My dear Sir:
I received your letter of 21st Dec. and take great pleasure in answering all your inquiries You ask me why i have not written, the only answer I to give is, that it was not for want of time or inclination, something trifling has always turned up and prevented me from doing so, when on the reception of your letter I concluded it would not do to make such excuses any longer, and therefore took my pen in hand to communicate to you what is going on this cold region-- First I must say to you, that I am perfectly delighted with this post, although intensely cold, the air is very dry, and do not suffer as much as I reason to expect-- We have at this time at this post, four Comp: Col Woods having returned some time ago to spend the winter, in consequence of quarters not being ready for the reception of his command at Crow Wing-- Capt Todd and Col Woods have made application for an exchange of posts, it is thought he capt T. will go to Crow Wing very early in the spring to avoid the bad roads-- The society here is first rate, an abundance of pretty girls and married ladies, hardly a day or night goes by without a dinner party or ball in or out the garrison, and as for the fine sleighing I think we can give you [odds] and go a head of you-- Could you but see our family sleigh filled with the Ladies and gentleman of the Garrison, drawn by six of Lt [Gardiners] fine mules ducking up and down the [Miss.] you would envy us, and am sure dislike your post more than you do now

We have no skating here so far, the ice is covered with snow and very rough-- I have been [agriably] disappointed in the climate, my health is very good, and have grown so very fat that I will soon have to call on the Tailor for some larger clothing if I continue to increase so fast.-- Page and myself gave a dinner to some fifteen gentleman on the 1st January, they all seemed well pleased at the manner in which it was served up, I assure it was done up [brown], and the only regret on my part is that you and our old friend Morrow were not present on the occasion-- By the way have you heard any thing from M.-- I have not written to him, but expect [err] long to be nearer to him (soon), and shall be more sotiable.-- I am sorry you cannot make yourself comfortable-- Is there no Indian(s) about-- we have a few more left of the same sort, would I could send you brace of them, good looking at that--

This has been the coldest winter in the remembrances of the oldest inhabitants-- I have been some what of a sportsman since I have been here, frequently after being out two or three hours, would bring home six or seven large ducks and as to the fishing I profess to be an adept in the business.-- I have caught in about an hour eight large fish, say averaging two fish in length-- How long my fun here is to last I know not, I console by saying sufficient unto the days , is the evil thereof.

I wish I could light down upon you a few minutes and take that Toddy you spoke about-- We at this post have to content ourselves with Commissary whiskey, [bad] at that.--Mr Steele who you will see before this reaches you will no doubt give you a glowing account of this post, you will find him a clever fellow wide awake and full of fun, tells a good joke, and will occassionally take a stiff [down] of any thing that is good.-- Now as I am about closing, suppose you and me take a Toddy together I take one generally about twelve in the day & about [utnat], My dinner hour is about 5 o'clock & always take one, to say nothing about the slugs I slip under my jacket between that time and bed time-- I think you would hardly miss it if you were to take a drop of brandy's at any of the times here mentioned-- I therefore have the pleasure [__] drink your health standing, and remain Yours Truly L.C.Bookes Lt 6th Infty

(to Lieut R.W.Foote at Fort Crawford)

Invitation "to the merry dance where youth and beauty meet..", 12 February 1849

You are respectfully invited to attend a party to be given at the House of Julian La Riviere, in Prairie du Chien, on Tuesday evening, February 13th 1849

                                                                                Prairie du Chien. Feb 12th, 1849
                              To the merry dance! where youth and beauty meet,
                              And each kind friends with smiles of joy does greet;
                              Retreat, dull care! let pleasures bright hold sway;
                              Nor force thy bondage till another day.

"The only excitement kicked up here since you left was the killing of a white man..." Letter from A.J. Sutherland, Doaksville, C.N. 25 February 1849

Dear Sir
I received your kind favor about three weeks ago, but as we have had no mail since until last evening, I posponed answering it until the present time. Well Sir Doaksville is near about the same old place notwithstanding the cold wet winter, we have had continual cold wet weather here ever since the twentieth of November up to the present time, though we have now a prospect of fair weather, Times have been remarkably dull here until the last few days, The Choctaw anuity is now being paid out. which helps things a little,-- There has been no marriages or deaths in your acquaintance since you left.--

The only excitement kicked up here since you left was the killing of a white man here by the name of Doctr Ward by Loring Folsom & Thos Pitchlynn, The case was laid before General Arbuckle by Lt. Davis just previous to his leaving, and the commanding Officer at Fort Towson has received orders to take them and hand them over to sivil authority , but as yet have not been able to get them, They have taken French leave, it was the most outrageous, brutal, and savage affair ever perpetrated any where,-- You wish to know how Davis got along here, well he got along pretty smoothly though I think made rather an unpopular commanding office, at least The Missionaries cry out against him

Times are quite lively at Fort Towson now two full companies of Infantry, the Officer are Capt.Marcy Commdg, Lieut. Myers [2__] & Lieuts [Carver], Russel, Seward, & Harrison and doctr Barbour, all very gentlemanly men and much beliked by the citizens of Doaksville, we also have a Chaplin at Fort Towson The Rev. Samuel Corley of Texas,-- By the by what do you think of the California Gold would you not like to go and get some of it, as for myself I can hardly resit the temptation, I am almost consumed by the fever the yellow fever,--

Cohen will be off by the first of April sure and sertain, Then I shall be alone here again,--

If you go on leave next spring, be sure and come this way I should like to see you the best in the world, I have a great deal to say to you when I see you, I am driving along here about as usual only I have a little more practice to do,--

Larver & Brown are going to California, will start the first of April, There are about one hundred going from Red River County Texas-- Mr Goodings daughter has returned from the East and is quite a bell--

My family are all well and send their respects Cohen wishes to be remembered and says you must write to him and he will write to you when he gets to California--

Please excuse this hurried letter and I will try and do better next time Yours truly [A.J. Sutherland]

(To Lieut. R.W.Foote 6th U.S.Infantry Fort Crawford Wisconsin)

Capt. Charles S. Lovell regarding the disposal of government property at the close of Fort Crawford, Galina 25 April 1849

Lt. Foote
So far all right-- I enclose you some bread tickets which my "better half" (Margaret Jane Armstrong) had in her bag and for which I have no use-- perhaps they may be of service to you in the [eating] line-- I am sorry we forgot the ice.-- Capt [Sodwick] is a fine man and will afford any accomodation-- having in view of course, to make money.-- If you have not disposed of it, can't you make him a present of what ice-- he pleases to take-- either when going up or coming down-- so far as I am concerned I would rather dispose of it some such way than to leave it to the mercy of "wind and waves"--I think you will save money to the government by arranging with Captain Sodwick to take up all the public property [wuth] sending-- As regards to the cattle you must use your discretion after having a [fire] talk with Lieut. Nelson.-- [Itis] possible that you may receive orders about them on the return of the Dr. Franklin

If I see the [Comdr] at Ft. [Louis] I will mention the subject, but I shall have so much to do that I cannot promise.--

I shall recomend that, after you leave, the garrison be firmly closed (nailed up) and Sergt Cummings be directed to occupy either the [comds' Off] quarters or the hospital-- [No firmer] in preference--

With the hope that you will not meet with much difficulty, I am [Dear] Sir yours most truly, Chas. S. Lovell

(to Lt. R.W.Foote 6th Inf Ft Crawford)

Invitation from H. Baldwin, Prairie du Chien, 3 May 1849

Lieut Foote
Sir By request of our friend Col D.G. Fenton I Respectfully Envite you to attend the funeral of his ^wife^ this day at his residn at Eleven oclock (11) A. M.
Yours &c H. Baldwin

"Public Sale." Prairie Du Chien Patriot, Prairie Du Chien Wisconsin, 9 May, 1849, p. 3

The Post of Fort Crawford having been evacuated by General Orders, the public property consisting of Quartermaster and Commissary stores will be disposed of at auction the 12th of May, next.

Handbills containing the particulars will be published hereafter. Terms cash.
R.W. Foote, 1st Lt. 6th Infantry, A. A. Qr. M. U.S.A. Fort Crawford, April 25th 1949. The above sale is postponed until further notice.

Capt. Chas S. Lovell Ft. Leavenworth, 13 August 1849

Dr. Sir,
Your letter of the 2nd was recd. to day-- By Capt Ketchum I send you some numbers of the Union & Littells Living Age.-- The last 4 or 5 mails rec'd here brought no papers to me-- or scarcely to any one else I dont know how to account for the failure-- I heard from Col. Walker yesterday; he has no idea of joining this fall.-- [Wheatons] leave expires next month but no one seems to know any thing of his intentions,--

Heth I have not heard from.

Miller left here about two weeks since for Milwaukie where he will remain probably some two months on sick leave He is promoted to the 1st stationed on the Rio Grande.-- Hancock I hear is tired of his leave and is about to return to his post.-- I suppose you heard of the death of Inspector Genl. Duncan-- It is not yet known who will succeed him a number are mentioned among them Col. Hitchcock & Genl. Mason.

Maj. Gates of the 8th died a short time since at Fredericksburg Texus some where near San Antonio. I believe it is, disease Cholera.--

A Det. of Infy. & Dragon recruits leave here about the 25th for Santa Fe-- Col Chandler of the 3d is now in command of the camp-- Cols. Monroe & May are expected daily-- & Col. Eaton(2.lt.) also-- This is about all the army news we can gather here--

I enclose you a list of men recommended for Certificates of Merit sent me by Lt. Bootes but as it has no signature I did not forward it to the Adj. I wrote him, however, the substance of it; but perhaps you had better sign it, if you are satisfied with it and transmit it to the Adjt.--

As opportunities offer I will continue to send you papers & The Living Age if you desire it.-- I received the musket sent back by you.-- Sergt. Green will, I suppose, re-join you by this [chance]-- & either he or Warner will have to slip down a peg.-- if I were you I would protest if I did not wish Warner to be Sergt.--

Remember to inquiring friends [&believe] me yours truly Chas. S. Lovell

(to R.W. Foote assume Fort Kearney)

Wiram Knowlton "The legislature is composed of some good men and some – – – – –" Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin, 8 October 1849

Dear Sir
I received your esteemed letter of the 14th Aug; and I assure you read it with great pleasure— "I am sorry you are so far out of the reach of "civilization." but still we can write often and keep up our acquaintance and learn from each other what we could not otherwise—

I found on my return home that I was alone I neither had you nor Mrs Dews for company and I assure you I had a lonesome time. However I took "Cholera Medicine" occasionally and knocked about the Boat and made the best of it— since that time I have spent some two or three weeks in Minnesota and was at Fort Snelling several times and stopped over night with Lt. Page who I understand passed down a few nights since on his way to your region of the World— I have concluded that he is one of the very best of men and regret very much that I could not bid him "good-bye"— Dr. Mclaren was in good spirits and Col. Loomis is of course as usual— By the way I like the Col. much better upon a farther acquaintance— He is fond of a good joke and laugh if he does not like "cholera medicine."

The Minnesota Executive, Judicial and Legislative "Authorities" are in full "blast." I had the pleasure of being at the first court in Minnesota, Judge Goodrich, the Chief Justice 'Presiding." I wish you could have been there if you are fond of Judicial amusement. The Judge in his charge to the Grand Jury told them that when man was born he came into the world naked, that he soon began to look for food and clothing. after they (mankind) had collected together in large numbers that they began to make rules to govern themselves with, that they wanted Grand Jurors to hunt up and [present] criminals, that this was formerly the business of Knights who selected them from the best men of the Parish and those who were "good- looking." That though there were no Knights to perform that duty at the present day yet those who had the duty in charge had selected all "good looking" men for the present "Grand Inquest" and he had no doubt that they were all good men– and a "lingo" of an hours length in keeping with the above–

He would stop an attorney in his argument and argue against him and give some very laughable opinions and decisions– Indeed it seemed a perfect farce on the "Dignity of a Court". Judge G. is a very clever man and a tolerable lawyer to manage a cause He is a good "stump speaker" but no Judge. Judge Cooper[David Cooper] will do credit to himself and station- Judge Meeker[Bradley B. Meeker] is no lawyer. Gov. Ramsey [Alexander Ramsey] is a gentleman and is generally liked– Sect Smith is a bigot, a tyrant, a knave and a fool in many things and is generally despised- Col. Mitchell the Marshall is one of God's nobleman and every body likes him– The legislature is composed of some good men and some – – – – – Thus much for Minnesota territory– Excepting their delegate in Congress, H. H. Sibley[Henry Hastings Sibley], He is a superior man— We have had some fun in our election for County Judge in this county— Col. Fenton ran on our part and the Now Old Rev. Alfred Brunson Esq. ran against him. Brunson hated to risk the election on political grounds and therefore hoissted the flag of his Moral worth and character— He got on these grounds 25 votes- I understand he says that he will leave this place and go where he can have friends- and that he will not preach to this people any more they are too perverse and dont appreciate him— We of course think that we appreciate him exactly—

Old Prairie du Chien has improved some this summer but not enough to render it so that you would not know itJudge Fenton sends his kindest wishes and regards to you— and most all of your friends inquire after you frequently—

I am going to start this week for a trip through the woods from here to St. Croix to view a road — I expect to catch trout, Kill deer (and occasionally a bear) the first mess of trout I catch I will take to your health a dose of cholera medicine— the first deer I catch I will take two "doses" and if I kill a bear I will take enough to relieve the symptoms of cholera wishing all the while that you were with me— When you kill a Buffalo — and take enough to my health to remove all dangerous symptoms of that kind and that will be about as near as we can prescribe for each other— There is a rumor here that Col. Loomis will send a company of troops here this winter I hope he will- if he does not we shall have a lonesome time—

Mrs. [Dews] has not written to me but has to her mother and spoke very kindly of you— She likes the place where she lives very much— I expect a letter soon from her— I have been to Galena several times and to Madison, Mineral Point and several other places since I saw you— and enjoyed myself as well as I could without a "wife" —

Capt. Lodwick[Captain M. W. Lodwick] was here very sick several weeks— He thinks I am a "devil of a fellow" not to have been taken sick at St. Louis after the exposure we encountered— He came very near dying with chronic diarrhea the last time he was sick—(he was here twice)— He often spoke of you and would be glad to see you— He is now at Rock Island— Remember me to inquiring friends—

I might write more but as I feel some symptoms of cholera I will wait for a letter from you— So"here goes "How! Now!!-- I am your Friend Wiram Knowlton
P.S. Wright will send his papers to you— W.K.
Lieut. R. W. Foote U.S.A. Fort Kearney U.S.A. Ter-

Letter from Selah , Washington D.C. September 9, 1839:

Dear Foote

I have received several letters from you with a fortnight — one containing money — $6.00 & which is satisfactory.


I did not find time to call at the Paymaster General's till Saturday. I was told then there was nothing against you It did not appear that you had received pay twice for April — there

"I believe most ample justice has been done to your branch altho as full a history of your Grandfather was not given us could have been desired owing to an in possibility of procuring data." Letter from Elial T. Foote, New Haven Connecticut, to "Lieut Rens W Foote" Fort Kearny, 10 October, 1849

My Dear Sir

The printing of our Foote Genealogy Register will be completed this week as I am apprized by the publisher and The work will be ready for the binder next week. Instead of about 125 Pages as originally contemplated it was found out after the preface and first generation was completed it would make a much larger volume and by completing the first six generations it has amounted to 360 pages making a pretty large Octavo volume — I hesitate not to say more complete than any Genealogical Register (of a family as numerous) published in the United States — It is on fine white paper and excellent type and most of it in small type from which you may form some estimate of the amount of matter — The great increase of the size from the one originally contemplated has added very materially to the expense — None are published except for subscribers as it was determined none should go into bookstores or [pedln? peoples?] hands — The actual cost in cash for copy is a little rising $2 without giving a penny to anyone of our name for time in collecting information. &c. All for cash actually paid out. On the whole it is cheap book considering the size of the volume, original matter, the State of work, binding & estimated number published. I wish to bring the matter to a close promptly + without delay for I have spent much time wholey gratuitous in past years & it is no little job to have them packed & sent off although we have always refused a single subscription things go in bundles — Your subscription was for six copies You will please forward amount $12 by draft on NY and the books will be forwarded to NY to your order as you may direct — I believe most ample justice has been done to your branch altho as full a history of your Grandfather was not given us could have been desired owing to an in possibility of procuring data. Still he occupies a most prominent & honorable position in the work — Please excuse the haste which I write as many similar a must go by mail without delay — Please let me recieve your order without delay for I [regret?] I must close the matter & pay the printer binder & what they have not already been paid. I am D__ __?]

Very Respectfully Your Mo Obedt
E.T. Foote
  • The Foote Family: Or, The Descendants of Nathaniel Foote, One of the First Settlers of Wethersfield, Conn., with Genealogical Notes of Pasco Foote, who Settled in Salem, Mass., and John Foote and Others of the Name, who Settled More Recently in New York. Nathaniel Goodwin, Rutland, 1849.

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