Letters of Rensselaer William Foote; the 1850s

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Undated Letters

Undated Letter from James B. Foote to his brother, R.W. Foote

Dear Brother
I have had the watch and pistal you gave me fixed by a GunSmith and watch Maker and they call the watch about $8 and the pistal $4 and there is a person here that will give Me that for them, Now if you can spell me $20 I guess I can Make out the $33 wich due on My places, If you let me have it you can leave it with Charles, and tell him to send it the first chance he gets. If you do not let Me have it, I do not know what I shall do for I can not get any work Sadly nor money, but I am not afraid but that the Lord will take care of Me for he always has
your affectionate Brother J B Foote

  • In pencil on back of letter "Sent him the $20 about the middle of August. — —"


"Southern Members at Washington are getting verey warm about the Slavery question and talk about dissolving the union," Letter from Catherine Foote, and C.A. Foote, Delhi, New York, to their brother Rensselaer, "In Comand Fort Harley Flat River Missouri," 3 March, 1850

My Dear Brother
I do not know that you will care any thing about hearing from home, but I should like to very much to know if you still inhabit the same continent that I do, or have you removed to the other side of the globe. If it is not too much of an excertion, and you have not forgotten, how to use your pen, I wish you would send me a few lines, that I may know the reason of your long silence. for I suppose you are aware of the fact, that you have not written a letter home in more than two years. I have half a mind not to tell you one word, about any of your friends here, and I do not intend to write you a very long letter. at any rate, but if you will answer this, and acknowledge it, I will write you a sheet full of news. Fannys health is very good now, but last winter, she was very sick, and I did not think at one time she would ever be well again, Margaret has grown nearly as large as her mother, she is not pretty and they make such a baby of her, they spoil her. George is a fine nobel looking boy, he bids fair to make as large a man as his Grand Father was, he is a head taller than his Mother, and can take her in his arms and carry her around the room.

Charles and his wife are well, they have but one child, little Kate, my name sake, she was four years old last fall, and unlike her Aunt is very pretty, she looks like a little doll, or fairy queen, she is a very good child, if they do not spoil her by indulgance, which I fear they will do, unless she has a brother or a sister soon,

Eben has lost his wife, she died a year ago last fall, he lives on the old place, and Mr Henry Edgerton his Father in law, lives with him, he has one little girl, who will be two years old in July, she is very pretty he calls her Margaret after his Mother.

James is living in Delhi now, I like his wife very well, she is very smart at working, and will do her part to help him get a living, I think the wisest thing James ever done, was his getting married. they have no children, they lost a little girl about a year since, he called her Mariah after Mother,

Grandmother Baldwin is dead, she died I think in December, Jesse and his wife have gone to the West Indies to spend the winter, (or rather I should say had been spending the winter there) they will be back in April, if you have no wish to see your friends, I should think you would try and come home next summer to see about your property at Newark, for I suppose we are entitled to a share of Grand Mother's when it is divided. I do wish you would come home this summer, or ^at^ least write to me, I had to send to the war office to find were to direct my letter. if you will answer this I will write you a long letter and tell you all the news of the villiage if you would like to hear it. all your friends write with me in love to you, and wish to you home again.
good bye dear Rens, your affectionate sister Catherine Foote.

Dear Brother
Sister Catherine has sent me a Letter to forward to you and as she has left a few lines I thought I would use them although I have written to ^you^ several times and have received no answer — I wish you write me a Letter and give me your opinion about the California Excitement there seems to be a great rush for that country this Spring the Southern Members at Washington are getting verey warm about the Slavery question and talk about dissolving the union but I think but I hardly think that will be done we are to dependent on each other — I wish you would try and make a visit this Summer it is 10 years since you have been at home = (Corporal Trim?) calls on me occasionally I should like to receive a [Besee/Reser] from you if you have any to Send

from your Brother C.A. Foote

Letter to Rensselaer Foote, "Fort Kearney" from W.S. Hancock, "No [Ses?] Saint Louis Mo," March 7" 1850:

My Dear Foote

I have written to Fort Crawford and to Fort Snelling for the authority to pay those [Volunteer?] accounts. It was left I think in the office at Fort Crawford I have[nt] had any trouble about those I find, although the amount was large. As soon as I find the paper you shall have it. And in case I can not find it, I will give you a certificate that such a paper existed. [Beaker has been made of M [Seyeant?] on recommendation of Captain Kirkham. [2nd Lieutenant Ralph W. Kirkham, to be 1st Lieutenant by brevet," Journal of the Senate, Including the Journal of the Executive ..., Volumes 29-30] The general does not appoint non-com officers, now. To take rank from [] this date than the date of the recommendation

The uniform of the army has been entirely changed. all wear frock coats dark blue. officers and men. pants of the officers dark blue. The infantry have a light blue stripe. light sabres black patent leather belts and red sashes. Officers wear a Forage Cap raised to about 3 inches in the crown, with a plume (white), for full dress occasions, We wear the Epaulettes then, also. The shoulder strap shows the Brevet rank as well as the Line rank. The soldiers wear a blue cloth giytup hat. about 6 inches high and round in the corner. You will have a Court of Inquiry with your shortly, and a Court Martial also. They will go as far as Laramie. Armistead is here and will be with you soon. Buckner is en-route for his company I am as Ever Yours & Winfd S Hancock But___]? Beyer has been ordered to "El Passo" and is now in Texas

Please ask [C Sill?] if he wishes to be Impressed? to the Band?! [Introduced to the Barrel?]

"Altho my Mother advanced to her about $2000 yet not one cent will he give back, it is time by way..." Letter from Jesse Baldwin, Newark, New Jersey, to his cousin Rensselaer William Foote, 18 March, 1850

D Sir
I have just recd yours of 16th in reply to your enquires say the Mechanicks Bank stock has been sold ins here a few days for 47 1/2 & 49 Dollar a share the par value is $50
it regularly has paid 1. per cent for several years dividends are payable 1" Feby & 1" August the Newark Aqueduct Stock was divided a few years ago so that one old share was made into 5 new shares, the par value is $50 share the state bank par value is $50
the Aqueduct pays 1. & sometimes [7?] percent dividends payable in April and October this is good stock and probably could be sold for par $50 share
my plan is to sell the one share State Bank one share in the Mechanicks Bank and two shares in the Aqueduct probably I can sell the 4 shares for $200 which will be divided $50 to each
then divide the 184 shares Mech Bank in 4 parts what will give 4/. share to each then divide the 88 shares Aqueduct which will be 22 each with regard to my sister Louisa she had the sole control of her property the will made no provision to have it revert back to her Brothers in case of Death She made her will and left all she had and all she expected to have to her husband John Low not giving one cent to her Brothers and we have never received one cent from her not even an article of her Clothing. or any else except a single lock of her Hair. Low has recd all she had when she [] and now comes forward and claims all her share of that portion left to my Mother
altho my Mother advand to her about $2000 yet not one cent will he give back, it is time by way...
Cousin Caleb says he has a claim against James Foot of $60 and wishd me to say to you that he wished James to give you an order on me to pay him when you come down I deducting it from James portion and he will give up a watch he has
When you come down I will ... transfer the stock. give my love to your Wife, Catharine James & Charles Yours respectfully Jesse Baldwin
the real estate was all divided in the first settlement. I feel very sorry that property my Father worked hard for should go into Mr Loews hands who is a stranger only acquainted a short time with my Sister before her death but still I do not intend to make any difficulty let it go —

Scheduled Court Martial, The Times-Picayune, New Orleans, Louisiana, Sunday, 28 July, 1850. Page 2

[Fort Kearny] is commanded by Major Chilton. There are three companies here—one of dragoons and two of infantry. There are several officers here from other posts, attending a Court Martial and also a Court of Inquiry. The following are the names of... the officers accused of disobedience: 1st Lieut R.W. Foote, 6th Infantry; 3d Lieut J.C. Davis, 6th infantry...

"Army Court Martial," Southern Press, Washington, D.C., 29 July, 1850:

A court martial has been in session at Fort Kearney. They have been investigating charges brought against Major Chilton, commander of the post, by his own officers. The result has not been made public. On the 2nd of June, the court was to leave for Fort Laramie. The following are names of the officers comprising the court and also the officers accused of disobedience:

President—Lieut. Col. Gustavus Loomis, 6th infantry.

Sitting Members—Brevet Major Thompson, 1st dragoons; Brevet Major Carleton, 1st dragoons; Brevet Major Wood, quartermaster; Captain Wharton, 6th infantry; Captain Rhett, Mounted Riflemen; 2d Lieut. Tubbs, 6th infantry; Brevet 2d Lieut. Washington, 6th infantry.

Judge advocate—Brevet Captain Dyer, ordnance corps.

Officers to be tried—1st Lieut. R.W. Foote, 6th infantry; 2d Lieut. J.C. Davis, 6th infantry; Brevet 2d Lieut. Ogle, 1st dragoons.

1851, Fort Laramie, Nebraska Territory

"There are a good many [Indians] about the Posts, and they sing and have dances quite often," Letter from Rensselaer Foote, "Fort Laramie, N.T.," to his brother "CA Foote, Delhi, NY" 13 June, 1851

My dear Brother,

I received Your letter some time since, and would have answered sooner, but i have had a multitude of things to do and many letters to write and pages to make out, besides I must confess I dislike writing letters more and more each day.

I was somewhat surprised to hear of Aunt Harriet's death, as I supposed she might yet live a long time. I am glad to hear that George Marvin has a situation in the Kingston Bank, and hope he will get along well. They have lately been giving me some trouble at Washington about some of my papers _ they have stopped some $169.44 of my pay. I cannot tell how it is, as all my papers are at Delhi. I carried them around with me for about ten Years or so, and supposed my accounts were all right— so I left them at last at Delhi, finding it somewhat impractical to continue to carry them all about any longer. I think my accounts are all correct, but I cannot get You to examine them, as You would not understand them, and I cannot tell You what particular papers to look at.— One is a Voucher of $95.05 for articles Sold of by me at Public sale at Fort Crawford, Wisconsin in 1849. I wish You would take care of my papers, and not let [] be overhauled by any one. My old papers at Arbor Hill a good many Years were displaced, or overhauled by some one, and Grandfather's warrant as a Sergeant in the Army dated 1776 and signed by the Colonel of his Regiment, was taken off. I put it away with my papers myself to preserve as an honorable memorial of his services to his country, whilst some mercenary relation purloined it, to turn it into money, if possible, or much the same thing to get a Pension.

Some day if I ever come go Delhi, I may look over my papers myself, and make Uncle Sam pay me back 169 dollars. though if it was fifty Years he wouldn't thepay the interest_
Remember me to little Kate and tell her I would like to send her Some Furs if I had an opportunity, —but the fact is there are not many fine Furs right about here, and when there is, they are sent to the States for sale. There are Buffalo Robes here in great abundance, and very cheap, too. but Beavers are scarce. and worth almost as in the States. I remember once of buying half a dozen Buffalo Tongues at Fort Kearny, and they cost me 75 cents a piece most as much as they would cost in St. Louis.—but this has nothing to do with Sending Furs, but then, as I Said there is no opportunity, and I know of none at this moment about.

We are very much engaged at present Drilling and other military duties— this weather has become quite warm, though the nights are cool. I am afraid our gardens will turn out bad, as so far, the Grasshoppers have eat up almost Every thing.— they are as bad as the Locusts of Eguypt— they have only been known here of late Years.

In regard to the Indians all is quiet_ there are a good many about the Posts, and they sing and have dances quite often. We are waiting anxiously for a mail which is expected in a few days. when Iwe expect to hear news.

Pray remember me to Catherine and Frances and all the rest. and to Ebenezer, and tell him to take care of my papers at his place. Quite a number of Emigrants are passing along.
Your affectionate Brother. RenssllFoote

Letter from Winfield Scott Hancock, Jefferson Barracks Missouri, to Lieutenant William Rensselaer Foote, Delhi, New York. 30 September, 1851

My Dear Foote,

I received your letter of Sep 15 a few days since, and have been absolutely prevented from answering it before by a slate? of occupation. Your former letters reached me when I was absent in Illinois on a hunting expedition. I intended to reply at once when I returned but General Clarke told me that McDowell had written to you and no doubt your ___ be one. McDowell received a letter from Wharton a few days since which sets you up all straight, but as McDowell is on leave in Memphis, and Colonel Fauntleroy is temporarily commanding the Department at Fort Leavenworth, you will probably not receive an official letter for some time. But McDowell told me that Wharton stated the charges against you to be all humbug. I would think no more about them. Not that I think it necessary, at all, but if you please you can ask for a Court of Inquiry when you return to your Post. I do not think it necessary, from what I have heard. So all you now have to do is to wait until you get an official letter from MacDowell, in the mean time think no more about the matter; it will be all right.

We have no Regimental news except that Baker has resigned and that Buckner has gone after his family. He is expected (here/home?) about the 20th of October. Major Kearny and Coretts? of the 1st Dragoons have resigned. Sanders and Hamilton of the 2d Dragoons are dead.
Believe Me Truly Yours Winfd S Hancock

Letter to Rensselaer Foote to HW Wharton, Captain 6th If Comp. Fort Kearny, O.T. [Oregon Territory], June 15th 1851


In obedience to the Post Orders No. 20. dated Fort Kearny O.R. June 2 1851 I left this Post on the 3d of June 1851 with a Non-Com officer, and 14 ^Infantry^ men. Together with a 12 pound Howitzer and proceeded upon the Road leading from here to Fort Leavenworth, with the object of meeting with a Band of Arrapahoes and Chyennes Indians who were reported to have committed various depredations upon the several different Trains travelling on the Road ^Jeffrey the Interpreter accompanied me^ I was directed not to go further than the Big Blue some 160 miles froths Post; and in case of meeting with the above named Indians to warn them that a repetition of their intercepting or disturbing Trains would be visited by summary punishment. I was to avoid coming into collision with them unless they were con found annoying a train, and the emergency rendered it necessary.

I made an expedition [r__fied?] march to the Big Blue in four days having met meeting with no Indians, but coming upon several large wigwams directly on the Road on the little Blue. in such situations as they could readily observe the Country for a long distance and also come unexpectedly upon chains passing. The Indian Interpreter supposed they might have numbered some 150 warriors. Judging from their wigwams. After remaining a half a day at the Big Blue I started on my return to this Post. On again reaching the little Blue I commenced examining it to its source on both sides, but did not find any Indians though we came upon several new Camps but lately occupied. The Indian Interpreter being of opinion that the Indians (who were a War party of Arapahoes from Arkansas in search of the Pawnees,) had left the Country I concluded to Return to this Post. where I arrived on the 14th instant. For some ten days at least there will not be any small trains upon the road as we left at the Big Blue some large trains which would be a week in coming.

I am Sir, Yours Respectfully Your obt Servt
Renss W Foote Lieut Comp Detachments

  • Letter, above, from Department of the Army, United States Military Academy Library, Special Collections.

Provenance, Letter from J. Thomas Russell, Chief Special Collections Division, U.S.M.A. Library

Donor: Crocker, Mr. John D., Rushmore, Mason & Marcus, Attorneys and Counselors at Law, Delhi, New York.

Dear Mr. Crocker:
This is to acknowledge receipt of the manuscript papers of Rensselaer W. Foote, ex-U.S.M.A. 1838, forwarded to the Library through the courtesy of Mr. Richard E. Kuehne, Director of the West Point Museum.

The returns of men, clothing, and equipment during the years from 1848 to 1861 reflect the daily needs of the army units detailed to frontier duty. Forts along the Oregon and California Trails are well documented as well as the local Indian tribes and their relationship with each other and with the army. These are real "Wagon Train" documents.

On behalf of Mr. Egon Weiss, Librarian please accept the thanks of the Academy for these interesting papers.

"I am quite confident that the charges are believed to be, by those whom I have heard say anything about the matter a complete fabrication." Letter from J.L. Tidball, "Fort Leavenworth Mo." 29 October, 1851

Dear Sir
I received your letter of the 5th inst a day or so ago, and would have immediately answered it, but that no mail has gone from this post since it came to hand. the mail arrangements are such that from Monday evening until Wednesday evening no mail leaves the post. You do not mention having received any letter from, or rather you say you had not received any from me at the time of your writing. I had just mailed a letter to you a few days before yours was written, but judging from the length of time yours was on the route mine could hardly have reached you when your last was written. I wrote you before (and soon after reaching this post from fort Kearny) and directed my letter to New York City as I was under the impression that you had requested me to address you there. I presume have received my last, directed to Delhi, before this; and if so it will hardly be necessary for me to repeat that it requires something more than idle rumor to change my feelings and views with regard to any one. I would rather hear a man well spoken of than defamed. At the time I wrote you I had not heard that there were any charges against you. Subsequently I learned something of the nature of the matter, and certainly what I have heard carries the appearance of absurdity on its face. I have heard no persons speak of the matter (nor do I think it is known here) except officers of the 6th. and I am quite confident that the charges are believed to be, by those whom I have heard say anything about the matter a complete fabrication. I cannot remember distinctly the conversation I have had with any of them, and therefore I will not mention names; but I think I have stated above the opinion of those who know any thing of the matter. I have not heard who made the charges, but I have heard from source or other, that the person or persons are infamous characters not to be believed. I can assure you I regret to learn that anything of the kind should have interfered with the pleasure one ought reasonably to expect during a leave of absence.

There is little news of importance here. The Court martial for the trial of Dr. Longworthy has adjourned. What is the result is not yet known; I believe the proceedings have been sent to Washington. Heth returned to the Arkansas several days since. Buckner has since been ordered there, though he does not now whether or not he is promoted. He came here on the Court and expected to go to the Arkansas; but the command of the department having desovled on Col Fauntleroy he was at a loss to know what to do in the matter. Adgt gen McDowell telegraphed to Washington to know if Buckner belonged at the crossing, and received in reply a despatch that he must go there. The inference is that Mr Baker has not withdrawn his resignation, as Buckner is sent out in his place; and it would be very unfair to send him there over Heth unless he is promoted. Still, this is a surmise. There is nothing certain known her with regard to Buckner's promotion. Capt Wharton's 2d Lieut has formed his company. He passed this place two weeks or more since. I believe I wrote you that Maj Cady's 2d had joined. The Maj has since got a brevet 2d Patterson. I believe I have written you heretofore every thing I could think of that would interest you concerning the company. There has[s] been a good many desertions since the company came in, but not so many as I supposed there would be. There have been seven discharged this month. None of them have reenlisted but Keeffe. He reenlisted for "D" Comp, because, as he said, he had a rifle, and he heard they were short of Laundresses in that comp. He has since deserted. There are eleven or twelve more to be discharged next month; so that you will probably find the company very much reduced and what remains of it very much in want of drilling. However I tell the Mustering officer that I am not disposed to be responsible for the instruction of the company, as I have not been permitted to drill it a single time since I joined it. You may imagine they are becoming rusty for want of a little instruction. But it is the case with all the other companies here; there has not been a company drill since I came here. We had a little excitement here the other morning as the two Rifle companies from Laramie were preparing to leave. One of the buildings they occupied was seen to be on fire, and it is believed that some of the men fired it. It was impossible to save it, and it burnt entirely up. It was one of the old wooden houses on the west side of the parade. Pity the others hadn't gone too.

If you can come across a pair of the new style of shoulder straps, before you return, and without giving yourself trouble, I would ... be obliged if you would bring me a pair, as I find it difficult to get them. I should be glad to hear from you, if you receive this in time to write before your return. Truly yours, J. L Tidball


"I do not see anyone," Note from Cousin Emily Plummer, Orange, New Jersey, 13 January, [1852]

My Dear Cousin
I am too unwell to more than write a line or two and I do this to tell you that I shall be very glad to see you and insist on your coming out before you leave. I wish to see [you] very much and you must certainly come. I see now no one belonging to the Army, and there are several things I want to ask you — I am in deep sorrow and affliction dear Cousin and I know you feel for me although we have not met for a long time. My dear Husband I assure you felt a great interest in you we often talked of you and only a short time before his illness he asked me to write and say how glad we would be to have you visit <yo> us, if you could get away — I can not write more but I will have a good deal to talk to you about I do not see any one so send your name in to me when you come, and you had better come as soon as you can as I am more able to see you now
I give this to Caleb Baldwin in hopes you will call at the store soon.
ever your affectionate Cousin Emily H Plummer

Lieut R.W. Foote U.S.A. Care of C Baldwin Esqr. New York

  • A bill for the relief of Emily H. Plummer... motion was agreed to. Emily H. Plummer widow of the late Captain Samuel M. Plummer, of the United States Army, upon the pension roll...to commence from March 9th 1852. Since this bill was reported, the lady for whose benefit it is intended died, leaving two children—one four and the other five years old. I therefore propose to amend the bill by striking out "Emily H. Plummer, widow" and inserting "Joseph Morton Plummer and Mary Reynolds Plummer, minor children"...Amendments were agreed to. Monday, July 12, 1852. [The Congressional Globe...: 23d Congress to the 42d..., Volume 24, Part 3, By United States. Congress, et al]

Rensselaer Foote to his sister Miss. C.B. Foote on the death of Mr. Gould, 8 February 1852

My dear Sister
I have been intending to write you for a long time, but have kept putting it off from time to time, for various reasons. I am stopping at a Hotel, and the conveniences for writing are not very good, as I have to come down into a public room to do any writing, and, in a city there are so many objects to attract ones' attention, that I find it difficult to sit down to write a letter.

The first news I had of the great misfortune of the family you reside with, was seeing the notice in the papers.-- it struck me with surprise as you may well suppose. Until that moment I had no intimation that Mr. Gould was failing rapidly: I had supposed that he might continue on, and live yet for some years, though I never supposed it probable that his health would be much better. I presume his death must be a great affliction to you all., notwithstanding it was an event you must have been looking for to occur sooner or later. I have no doubt this is a great trial for Mrs. Gould, to loose one with whom she has lived so happily for years. And not only loved as a kind and affectionate husband, but respected for his high and honorable standing in society. You and I are well able to feel and judge what must be the loss of a head of a large family, and you, in this particular instance, must feel the loss sensibly, and sympathize very deeply with his afflicted family. The many vicissitudes and sudden changes I have seen in my life, has, of course, hardened me to these things, but still, I believe that Mr. G's death is a great loss to the community. I wish you would express to Mrs. Gould my respectful sympathy for her bereavement.

The other morning I was about walking out from my Hotel, I met Mrs. Sherwood and her daughter, who were passing by, and I walked up Broadway some distance with them, as I was going in that direction. Mrs. S. asked me to call upon them, which I have not done as I suppose it was a matter of ceremony, and I don't know that it is best that I should, though I would desire to show all respect to those who have been kind to you, or to their relations.

I spent a pleasant time at Albany with cousin Margaret Williams. We went through Schenectady to [Broadalbin] and saw cousin Maggy Monteith. I was quite amazed with the...

Have you heard from Charles or James lately?-- I should like to know how they get along. My [leave] is out in the spring and I shall return to join my Regiment. However, I shall go by Delhi, I expect, but whether I shall be up there before or not I don't know. I should be glad to receive from you a few lines, though I do not expect a letter at this time. Tell me why Ebenezer does not write me a word. I hope Mr. Marvine will forward any letters for me which may arrive. Your affection Brother Reny W Foote.

Miss C.B.Foote Delhi N.Y.

[Carter L. Stevenson], Buffalo 3 May 1852?

Dr Foote
[Yours] of some weeks since was duly received, but I have been, during the winter, so frequently un-well, and have at other times been afflicted with the "Blue" so often that I have not been able to comply with my duty to my friends. I am now in a [firm] way to get thawed out, and hope soon to be in better spirits.

I get no army news beyond that given in the Journals of [Lt. Gale]. They have been [at work] for some time upon the Inspector General; have not yet fined him [out], but I have no doubt that the first named, [H.S. Sever], will be the man. I have heard several names mentioned in connection with the appointment, Sumner, Mansfield, Erving,

"And he never can do anything here, so he must remain what he is, through the rest of his life," Letter from Kate Foote, Delhi, New York, to her brother, Lieutenant R. W. Foote, Fort Leavenworth, 13 June, 1852

My Dear Brother, I did not think, when you bid me good bye, last spring, so many weeks and months, would pass by, before I should receive a letter from you, and write to you myself. but my excuse for neglect, has been a very good one, and I doubt not that yours is the same, our boys have all been very sick ^with the^ measles, there was one week, we did not thin[k], Augustus would live. Maggie and Kate, are just recovering from it, they were both quite sick, but nothing alarming we hear, often from Charles, he is well, and does not think of coming home this summer, at least he does not say, any thing about it, James came home about six weeks, or two months since, he came across the country, through the South America, and was two months, on the journey, he brought nothing back, but his cloths, so the 150.0/00 I lent him, is lost, as shurly as if I had burnt it up, for he will never think of paying me account of interest on it, I suppose you will say, as the Old Woman did, well I told you so, I own, I acted against, my better judgment, when I let him have it, but I thought I would give him, one more chance to make something of himself, if he had the disposition too, but he has not, and there is no use in saying anything more to him, about leaving Delhi, and he never can do anything here, so he must remain what he is, through the rest of his life. Charles says, he tried every way he could, to make him stay, both for my sake, as well as his own, for he thought, I would feel so bad, to have him come back, but it was all in vain, and I must make the best of it. I shall never say anything more, to induce him to, to leave here, but rather oppose it, if it is going to coast anything, for it would be, only money, thrown away.

I had a letter, from Aunt Harriet, last week, she inquired about you, if I had heard, from you, since you left, she sends her love, I expect her home sometime this month, Eben drank tea with us, a short time since, he is not very well this spring, he too is quite anxious, to hear from you, so I hope you will take time, to write me, a few lines, i suppose you found, a great deal to attend too, when you returned after so long, an absence, do you enjoy, having some employment, as well as you expected. Mrs Gould and the boy, wish to be remembered to you, Fanny would send her love, if she knew I was writing, Aunt Harriet tells me, Margaret Montieth, is very sick again, she was delighted with your visit, last winter, she said it carried her back, to her younger days more, than anything, that had happened for a long time, do not forget to to write soon, and believe me, your.
affectionate Sister. Kate.

"Perhaps you would enjoy it, better, than you did, in your last visit, you have have seen the changes, and know, what to expect, so you would not feel as disappointed, as you did, last summer," Letter from Kate to Rensselaer Foote, Delhi, 25 August, 1852

My Dear Brother,
I thought I would write a few lines to you again, although I think it doubtful if you receive my letters, for I suppose from what you said, you have left Fort Levenworth, but as you did not say, where we must direct our letters, I know of no better way, than to direct an other one, there.
I heard Eben received a letter, from you, as few weeks since, but he has not been in, to tell me any thing, about it. I shall know how to serve him, the next time, I hear from you, Mr Edgerton brought little Maggie, up to see me, this morning, what a sweet, little pup, she is, she is not as much afraid of strangers, as she was, last summer. Sherwood Gould, was down and staid all night, with Eben this summer, she took a great fancy to him, she told him, she was not in the habit of kiSsing, the Gentlemen, but she would KiSs him. Mr Edger- wants Eben, to sell the Old place, an English man, who lives out west, a short distance fom her, has written, to make some inquiries about it, I do not know, what he intends to do, but Mr E, thinks he will sell it, if he can get 5000$, for it. I suppose, it would be better for him, to do so, for he is not able, to work, him self, and it is not very profitable, for a farmer, to hire every thing done, but then I do not believe, my self, he will ever sell it.

Frances, and Maggy, leave here, to morrow for Ithica, to make a short visit, to an acquaintance there, I do not remember her name, she is a niece, of Mrs Paines, and went to school here, when she was a little girl. Charles is going with them, if Mr and Mrs Paine do not go, George has the whole care of the store, this summer, his Father has no other clerk.
Charles Foote, has been quite sick, all summer, I think he will come home this fall, if he is able, he wrote, they thought of taking in another partner, and then he would come home and remain here, to send on goods, they have all, their harneSs made here, and in New York, and then shipped around the ___, they find it more profitable, than to make it there, all the work they do there, is repairing, the ^man^ who ^rents^ Charles shop here, has made him, 50.net of harness, every month this summer, it has been a good thing, for James, he has been working, for him, ever since he came home, in the spring, I do hope, he will continue, to do as well, as he has done, for he is quite a good workman, and might make himself [] respectable if he would. Adelia and Kate are well.

We had a long pleasant visit, from Aunt Harriet, this summer, I wish you had been here, I think you would, have enjoyed it. Uncle John brought her here, and staid ten days, she remained three weeks, it done her, a great deal of good, coming here, she said she had not felt so well, in three years. Augustus took our horses and a light carriage, and carried her, as far as Louisville, about 38 miles, from here, and then Uncle John met her, I tried to have Ebe, go, but could not get him started, and Mrs Gould said, she should not ride, in the stage, I went with them, and had a very pleasant ride, for Gus, is a first rate driver.

We live much the same, as we did, when you was here, Mrs Gould, and the boys, are well, and wish to be ^xxx^ remembered to you, I do not know, as I have any news, to tell you, and you dislike Delhi, so much, I suppose you would not care to hear any thing about it, if I had.

I wish you would come and see us again, perhaps you would enjoy it, better, than you did, in your last visit, you have have seen the changes, and know, what to expect, so you would not feel as disappointed, as you did, last summer, should this letter, ever reach you, I wish you would write, and let me know, if you have ever, received my thing, from Delhi, because I sent, a paper to you, that came, from Washington, in the spring, and I think ^Charles^ wrote a few lines at the same time, and I have written twice, we have had, a very dry hot, summer here, hot enough to make up, for the cold winter, and vegetation, is suffering very much, for want, of rain,

Aunt Harriet, wished me to give her love, to you, and say, she would answer you, very interesting letter, as soon as she was able, to write, perhaps she has done so, ere this, for ^xx^ it is more than two weeks, since she went home, but it hurts her, to write, your friends, here, unite, with me, in much love to you, now please do write, soon,
and believe me, your affectionate Sister
Margaret Monteith s health is the same, as when you saw her,

"We will have a merry Christmas, if you will come" Letter from Kate Foote, Delhi, New York, to her Brother 21 September, 1852

My Dear Brother,
I was very happy a few days since, to receive, your letter, from Cincinnatta, but sorry to learn from it, you had not ^heard^ from me, but once, since you left here, I have always directed my letters, to Fort Leavenworth, supposing that if you left there, you would give directions, to have them sent to you, my letters are not very important, but it is rather a task, for me to write, <them> and I dislike, to have, them lost, after I have made, the excertion to do it. I am rejoiced, to hear you are to spend the winter, within 24, hours, side of Delhi although I suppose, you <L> dislike, it so much, nothing would induce you to come, and make us a visit again, but I think you would enjoy it better now, you have seen, that time has been busy, with his changes here, as well, as every where else, so you can not feel disappointed again, I wish you would come, and eat a Christmas dinner with us, you are, in duty bound, to do that, to pay for running away, as you did, last winter, I think Charles will be home then,and we will have a merry Christmas, if you will come.
we look for Charles now, every steamer. he thought, he should leave there the first of September, but perhaps not untill October, his health has been very poor, all summer, he had a long sicness, of <> six weeks, in the spring, and has never recovered, from it, he leaves a partner there, and retains an interest in the shop, and thinks he can do perhaps, quite as well, to stay here, and send, on goods to them, for they have found it, very difficult, to get what they wanted, sent to them, with no on but Mr. Ellwood to do it, I hope his coming will be, for the best, they all said, his health was failing so fast he must come home, or he could not live long, I wrote to him, I thought he had better come, James had done better this summer, than I ever knew him to do before, he has worked at his trade of harness making, since June, I think, I hope he will, continue at it, but do not know what he intends to do, Eben is at home, and well, I believe, but i do, not see him, very often, I heard he received a letter, from you, but he has not called, to tell, me any thing about it, of course, he has answered it in the way, he answers all his letters, well I shall pay him, by not letting him see any more of mine. Mr and Mrs Edgerton, and Emily, have gone to New York, I saw little Maggy [Margaret Maxwell Marvin, b. 9 Aug., 1840 daughter of Frances Foote and Charles Marvin], at the Scotch Church last Sabbath, she was very well, I think Eb. will sell, his place, if he has a good opportunity, he can then live on the interest, of his money, and he has not health, to go on with it, himself. I expect Aunt Harriet, is now with Margaret Montieth, she was to go there, this month, I wrote you, Aunt H. made us a long visit, this summer, and she returned home, much improved in health, Eben promised, to go and see her this fall, but I do not think, he intends to go, she wished me, to give her love, and say she would, answer, your letter, very soon, it is quite likely, she has done so, before this, but the mails, are so uncertain, that her letter may have gone, with many of mine hunting, for an owner, the other side, of the globe, please write again, soon, I feel quite anxious to know, how you like Buffalo. Mr Hathaway, thought, it would be much, more pleasant, than Albany. Mrs Gould and the boys, wish to be remembered to you, I have only room to say good night and much love, from your
affectionate Kate ——

"The city is quite lively since the disappearance of the Cholera," Letter from Carter L. Stevenson, Rochester, New York, to R.W. Foote, 23 September, 1852, "Recd September 24th 1852"

D. Sir
After waiting most impatiently for an answer to our application I have finally learned in answer to a Tel. Despatch forwarded by me yesterday, that Col. Plimpton has been out of the city for some days, but will soon be back when he will act at once, upon the application, I presume we should hear tomorrow or the next day. but as soon as I do I will Telgh. to you,
If you get lonesome come down and stay with me, we can find some thing here to Keep us going. The city is quite lively since the disappearance of the Cholera. In haste Yours truly
C. L. Stevenson —

Suppose you visit the rendezvous every day & if Recruits should offer inspect them, I sign the enlistments. it will enable you to draw Your Comn. for quarters. This however I will arrange for you. It is better that we should not exchange paper under any circumstances, until the end of the month as it save you a complete set of quarterly & monthly papers at one point or the other. & no additional labor for me. S—.

Letter from Rensselaer W. Foote, Boston, Massachusetts, to “My dear Sister:” Miss C. B. Foote, Delhi, New York, 14 December, 1852

I received Your letter Some few days since. I am grieved to see by the papers of this morning that Charles has lost by the great fire at Sacramento—he is put down at $10,000—This is certainly very hard, indeed. for one who has tired So hard to get along: I though we were all poor enough without getting any worse off: perhaps he has Some insurance—I hope so. I wish You would write me and let me know, and also, what he intends to do, for I suppose it may change some of his plans. I shall be very glad to hear that it is not so bad as reported. I think of going to New York to-day. I have not been there for some time—not since I saw Charles then. I shall only be gone two or three days. I shall hope to hear from You when I return from New York. When I will also write You a longer letter. Remember me to Charles
Your affectionate Brother RenSs W Foote

Letter From Kate, Delhi, New York, to Her Brother, R.W. Foote, 20 December, [1852?]

My Dear Brother,
I received you letter a few days since, making inquiries, about Charles, and would have answered it, immediately, but I was very busy at the time, and could not do so, conveniently,
the papers, I believe put him down at ten thousand, but that includes the building, and that, did not belong to him, he only leased it, his tools, and all he had in the shop, was burned, you know he had two partners, and their loSs, they think was about three thousand, that is one thousand apiece. it will not make any difference in his plans, at present. George wrote him, he had leased the land again, and put up another building, and he just send on, his harneSs, as fast, as he could, one car go[t] sent, just before, Charles came home, he thinks must have reached them, by this time, and another left NY, a short time, after you and he were there, if it all arrives safe at California, part of his loss will be made up to him, for I presume every thing will sell, to good advantage there now, I feel sorry for Charles, but he bears it very well, he has been to NY again, since he was there, with you, James is still working in his shop, I wish, the next time you are in NY, you would go over to Brooklyn, and see Grand Mother Foote, I have not seen Eben in some time, but I hear from him, once in a while. Mrs Gould and the boys, who are home, wish to be remembered to you, Sherwood, and Augustus, are in NY, I hope you will remember your promis, and write me a long letter soon, it is getting late, and I must close, by wishing you a merry Christmas, and a happy new year,
your affectionate sister Kate
should I ever, be so fortunate, as to find, a good pen again, I will try, and write you a readable letter.

"Damn a non-commissioned officer in whose word you can place no reliance." Letter from J.L. Tidball, "Fort Leavenworth Mo Oct 20, 1852"

Dear Foote,
Your letters of September 8th and 28th came duly to hand, and with each a parcel of papers and magazines, for which accept my thanks. I would have answered your first letter sooner, but didn't know but you might be ordered from Buffalo to some other point, and if so, it would not probably reach you, until, like a buckwheat cake it would be too cold to be digestible. You will probably find some excuse, too, for my not writing sooner in the fact that I have been quite busy since receiving your favors. You know, perhaps that "F" company was filled up within one of the standard, by recruits from Regimental depot, soon after you left! and I took the first man, afterwards, that I could get, just for the sake of having a full company! Just think of that! a full company in these "piping times of peace"! "Mirabile dictu!" A full company! Whew!! But two of the damn'd rascals have deserted since, so that I am reduced to fifty, but even that would do but I suppose some half dozen or more are waiting to be paid off before they follow in the wake of their "illustrious predecessors." I have just commenced drilling them a little at company drill, but I am afraid the old gentleman will find it out, and make me suspend operations. I'm just smuggling a few company drills in under the head of squad drills! Isn't it ridiculous! a post with five companies and no drills but just enough to break in raw recruits in squad drills! Of course it will be out of the question for the company ever to be well drilled at this post, under the present regime, as you full understand how "things work" here. But I would like, if it be possible, that it learn how to wheel from line into column, so that muster at least might of off in decency and in order. As to whether or not I shall succeed even in this "Je n'en sais rien". It is positively disgusting, vexatious and disheartening to go out to drill with a company of fifty men, and only two or three of those absent, and find only from fifteen to twenty or twenty=five for that duty. We've got some women since you went away! ha! ha! But I only muster two of the company women as laundresses. Sergt McCarle is married, damn him. I have been more disappointed in him than any man in the company. He came to me some time ago and applied for a furlough for twenty days, on the ground that he had some money (four of five hundred dollars) loaned out up in Iowa which was in such a situation, that ^which^ unless he was present, to adjust the matter, he was likely to lose. He also showed me some papers bearing on the matter. I had full confidence that what he said was true, and thinking it rather hard that he would lose so much I gave him the leave, although his services were very much needed at the time in drilling those recruits. Well, what think you he did? Instead of going up to Iowa he got on a boat and went to Weston, and next day went down to St. Louis and got married to some wench or other; the one I believe about whom he used to be "finger f—king" of Sunday afternoons while you were here. It seemed to be taken for granted when he came back, that she would get her ration. But I don't regard her as having any claim, and so I give her none. The Sergt had better toe the mark while I command the company, or I'll make him as cold as a wedge. Damn a non-commissioned officer in whose word you can place no reliance. The other woman of whom I spoke, is the wife of a man, Moan, who has served one or two enlistments, one in "D" Comp 6th Inf. They have children, and he appears like a very steady good man. Lieut A. E Steen, 3d Infantry who was appointed to fill the vacancy occasioned by Lieut Parks' death has been temporarily assigned to duty at this post, and attached to "F" Company. Didnt I tell you I was going to have a "sub." So much for the company.
There have been a good many arrivals here since you left, from N. Mexico — Maj Backus, Dr McDougall, Maj Graham, Capt Johns, Lt Schroder, Lt Buford, Dr Stone Dr Ten Broeck and perhaps others, going to the states. They come in with Magilton's train. Magilton left a few days ago, on six month's leave. Whittensey and taylor are on leave but will be back this fall. Major Cady has gone on leave, Capt Hendrickson relieving him in command of Fort Scott. Bootes will probably come down soon, as I am told he has a leave granted, and the Brevets attached to the companies at Laramie and Kearny went up a few days ago. Do you remember that Lt Marshall of Wharton's company had charges of drunkenness on duty put against him by Capt W? He was tried here and the court found him not guilty and acquitted him! Major Sanderson, and the two Rifle companies arrived here perhaps a month ago; but it is quite probably that one or both of the companies will be sent to Fort Scott, to winter. Capt Hunt has received intelligence that his battery is to be remounted and will be sent to the same post. He thinks to the Lakes. Maj Ogden, Capt Lovell,[1] Capt Easton, and Lieut Woodruff are gone out under instructions to seek a site, on or near the Republican fork of the Kanzas, for [] a new eight company post. They left on Monday last and will be gone three or four weeks. (Another new post is to be established (you probably have heard) for three companies, on the upper Minnesota river. Col Lee, or Maj Alexander, and Capt Dana, were designated as the officers to select a site for it. Dr Hammond you probably know is relieved from Kearny. Dr Wood came in from Laramie with Sanderson. Buckner has gone in on leave. Chilton's company came in some days ago from Atkinson. It will probably do you some good to know that the devil has got old General Sutherland at last. He died at some mission establishment in this territory some time ago.
I have been down to see the Sac & Fox Indians. but I have no room to tell you about it now. I think you had a lucky escape from Buffalo. I hope to hear from you whenever you have time to write — —Yours— — J L Tidball


"I suspect, by Jupiter, that you have been playing sly, and frozen fast to one of those icy virgins about Boston," Letter from Tidball, Fort Leavenworth, Missouri Territory, to Rensselaer Foote, Boston, Massachusetts, January 10, 1853

Dear Foote,

The top of the morning to you! Art thou living or dead or, which is worse, married? It is so long since I have heard from you, except through Grover, that if any persons were to ask me “Where is Foote?” I should have to tell them, “Damn my shirt if I know.” I suspect, by Jupiter, that you have been playing sly, and frozen fast to one of those icy virgins about Boston. How is it? Well, I wish you a good time. But it is my private opinion that it is a bad example to be setting before the 2d Lieut of your company! However, I feel pretty safe: for I am so situated at present that I can’t get a leave of absence long enough to get married. Some consolation, I suspect I’ll think some years hence, in that. But maybe you’ll think I’m not so safe after all, if I should tell you that I sit at table nearly opposite a flaxen haired lassie, and lose my appetite three times a day in consequence! And what do you think is the charmer’s name? Why what else but Ellen Foote—a sister of Miss Lucy Foote’s whom you and I didn’t call on at Maj. Ogden’s. “Mine Got, vat a peeples we are!” Mighty nice gal, is Miss Ellen, and I should fall most desperately in love with her if it wasn’t for one thing which I hope will preserve me from so great a calamity. It is this; there is a young lady from Kentucky visiting her uncle across the river,—Miss Kate [Deroees, Dewees]; and if you could only see her, it wouldn’t answer for the consequences. Would you like to know what she looks like? It is all summed up in four words: Un ange sans ailes! [An angel without wings] Well you see I met her the other evening, and when I was introduced to her, her lips parted in one of those smiles which are only seen on the lips of angels, and scarcely was her mouth open when my heart jumped plump down her throat! Isn’t it lamentable? If I could only have had a moment’s warning, or had dreamed of the danger, I could have fortified myself; but you know garrisons will sometimes be caught with their “breeches down.” Isn’t it funny too? Here I have been fighting the devil for two years or more and then to be captured so of a [luddin’s/luddin’t]! Great God, what is this world coming to! Bretheren, let us pray!

The only additions to the garrison since you left are Capt Easton (who arrived a few days ago, and relieved Masten/rs,[?] who is gone on leave) Lieut Adams and lady 2d Infty wintering here ‘’en route’’ to New Mexico, Lieut Steen and Lady [2d Artily] bound for New Mex and Miss Lou Simpson spending the winter with Mrs. Card. You know Howe of the 6th was engaged to her. Well I didn’t know, but that as his death promoted me, I would have to assume his responsibilities; but I believe I won’t. There has been a good deal of gayety here this winter so far. Cotillion parties have raged like a burning tar kiln. Christmas and New Year’s went off as usual, especially the former. The market was overstocked with “bricks.” Grover got more aboard than he could carry! Just think of that! However that is not to be wondered at as he has been down east where the appetite for the critter is so strong that people carry it about in their [b/kitles]! Three of the companies have given balls—“B,” 6th Inf. “B” 1st Drgs “G” 4th Art. “F” company I suppose will not be able to give one, as it is the “company that feeds and clothes itself,” and has therefore a demand for its loose change. The rooms were all well got up; but “G” Comp took the palm.

We have no special army news out here. I suppose you know Col. Walker has been appointed Governor of the Branch Military Asylum at East Pascagoula Miss, and relieved from duty with his regiment. I presume he will remain there a long time, perhaps as long as he is a Captain. I wrote you, I believe that a board of officers, Maj Ogden, Capt Lovell, Capt Easton and Lieut Woodruff, had selected a site on the Republican fork of the Kanzas for a new ten company post. Maj Ogden was ordered to present their report in person at Washington. He is there now; or at least he is east. It is doubtful if the post will be established. Only sixty thousand dollars have been asked for for this purpose, at present. That sum would hardly lay the foundations. But I don’t believe it will be appropriated this session; so I do not calculate on seeing the Rep. Fork next summer, unless I cross it on the route to New Mexico, which I think not at all improbable. I have heard many persons express the opinion that the 3d will be relieved this spring, and the 6th ordered out. Capt Lovell told me the other day he thought if my probable, and meant to prepare himself accordingly. Will let it be so. I don’t care the “outside shade of a continental damn” (A dollar a day extra, and a greaserita at night, would make even New Mexico tolerable!

Grover brought me a very fine inkstand and a paper holder for which he said I was indebted to you. I am really very much obliged to your for them. I hope I may have the pleasure some day of writing a letter to Col Foote with ink from that same inkstand. “Old Beall” is still alive and telling stories. Let me give you a synopsis of the last I have heard. It may not be new to you. Several old ladies, of from 80 to 92 years of age were discussing the question at what age a woman ceased to enjoy sexual intercourse. They gave some various opinions until it came the turn of the one of 92 years, when she delivered herself as follows: “I have lived to the age of 92, and it is my opinion that a woman doesn’t cease to enjoy man until she scratches the bottom of her chair for her arse and don’t know the difference!” The horses for Hunt's battery have not arrived yet. Grover is making great preparations for inspecting them. As he is the only officer of the battery present. Magilton you know is on leave — Hunt at Washington witness in Maj Porter's case. Sheet full.
Yours J L Tidball


  • Page 1: I wrote you a long letter some time ago, since you went to Boston, but have not received one from you since. How many recruits have you made so far? Play euchre any these times?
  • Page 4: I forgot to acknowledge the gift of friendly papers and magazines from you. Hope I may have the pleasure of reciprocating the favor some day. Lovell, Grover, Sargent, [Miegs?] et. al send their regards.

Letter from Winfield S. Hancock, Jefferson Barracks, Missouri, to R.W. Foote, Boston, Massachusetts, 13 February, 1853

My Dear Foote,

I received your letter of January 26th a few days since, and I ashure you was very glad to get a letter from you, and to hear that you are getting along comfortably in Boston; a place very difficult to my mind to be comfortable in unless one has influential friends residing there.— Then one must not drink brandy and water to be seen, nor smoke cigars in the streets. I suppose <h>you have not heard yet, the joke on a Kentuckian—green from his native hills, who was on a visit to Boston, but ignorant of its precious laws: Being detected with a cigar in his mouth ^he^ was touched on the shoulder by a policeman, who told him he had better fork over the fine: As soon as he understood how matters stood he paid the money and walked on. Shortly afterwards he was seen by a police officer, in a small alley, p-ss-g against the wall. He was again told to pay his fine. He handed the officer a Bank note and told him that he had fa r t ed a few minutes before and as he supposed he ought to tell it as it was against the laws, he had better take the change out for that also. I tell you this, for your own information, for Boston being an unsocial, uncommunicative place you might not Know the laws, until you had transgressed, And verily the ways of Transgressors are hard. I am sorry that I have but little news to give you. What I have, you shall have — though you may have heard it long ago — But that is not my fault —

Major A.S. Miller of the 2nd Infantry is dead. It is said that Major Kingsbury of our regiment has been dropped. How true it may be I Know not.. We have it from pretty good sources. If such is the case Cady is a Major. It is thought that the retired list Bill will pass as all relating to the ___ corps and Navy has been stricken out. So there can be no object in the friends of the old gentlemen of the navy, opposing us.

A Bill for raising a new regiment of Cavalry has passed the Senate. It is not improbable that it will become a law, for if it should pass on the lost right of the [Indians/sessions?] Mr. Pierce would still have the appointment, which is what the democrats require, and all that they ask, I believe. Lieut Nelson of our regiment has been ordered to West Point as Instructor of Tactics— This will delight him very much for there is no one so well contented in Society as [N?]elson is, and without it none more miserable. Colonel Walker of our regiment is Deputy Governor of the Military asylumn at East Pascagoula Miss and of course will not join the regiment again. Major Cady is "on leave" and will not join again until he is promoted. You know he will come to the 6th if Kingsbury has been dropped. Armistead is on leave of absence— Hendrickson is with "H" company at Fort Scott. L[J?]ay has been appointed Judge Advocate of the Western Division.

I suppose you have heard of the new ports to be established in our department. One at the mouth of the Republican fork of the Kanzas, 12[3]0 miles west of Leavenworth. It is intended to be for 10 companies. If built Atkinson and Kearny—& probably Scott will be abandoned. The Santa Fé Route and the Oregon route will be common to that point. From that point good roads are found to the old trail, and not by increasing the distance to Laromie or Santa Fé. The other fort is to be tried on the St. Peters river at the mouth of the Blue earth river 130 miles or more in a straight line from Snelling. This is to be garrisoned by three companies— Dana of the quarter Master Department is to build this one.— Ogden the other, I believe— I shall always be glad to hear from you.
I am yours &c
Wifd..S Hancock

"Now, that we are scattered all over Creation," Letter from [Carter L.] Stevenson, Buffalo, New York to R.W. Foote Boston, 13 May, [1853]

Dr Foote [Dr Fort]

Yours of some weeks since was duly received, but I have been [during?] the winter so frequently unwell, and have at other times ben afflicted with the "Blue," so often that I have not been able to comply with my duty to my friends. I am now in a fair way to get 'thawed out', and hope soon to be in better spirits.

I get no army news, beyond that given in the journal of N. York. [2] They have been at work for some time upon the Inspector General; have not yet [found?] him out, but I have no doubt that the first named, H.L. Scott, will be the man. I have heard several names mentioned in connection with the appointment. (Sumner, Mansfield, Erving [Ewing] Thomas (Adj Genl.) Abercrombie &c. I have no doubt an efficient man will be selected. I consider it one of the most important appointements in the Army, especially now, that we are scattered all over Creation. The Inspector General if he performs his duty, can render great assistance in perfecting the discipline of the Army; in correcting many little evils and annoyances that cannot be [reached] except by him, and by making Known our wants as Head [Oderly] add greatly to our competency.

I Hoped an active man, and one who will not be afraid to perform his duty, will be selected. Do. you know the course of Col McGall's resignation? I suppose it is consequence of of bad health.

You have seen, I suppose, that they have broken up Your Post on the Ark [] the Co to Walnut Creek. The change is decidedly in favor of Comfort + [o] for the troops, and is nearer Leavenworth. I heard some ten days since that it was [com____?] returning a portion of the 3/ Inf. to the new post on the Republican fork but have heard heard nothing since.
You have seen from the papers the names of the Officer who attached to the ___ of the ___ to the Pacific. I should have been pleased to have had the escort on the Southern route.

How are you getting on with the Rec Service [?] I scarecely pay expenses here. Uncle Sam ought not to appear to get men for $7 per mo. when said weeks pay from $1 to $1.25 p___
There has been ___ roads ___

I am tired of the service + would like to be at something else. Don't know that I shall come across [around?] returning to Texas. but would like to improve on my present position. You lost nothing I can assure you, in leaving Buff. It is not a pleasant [station] for an offr. of the Army, especially if he is alone.
Will you do me the favor to ascertain if I can obtain at the st__ factories in Boston better of the description + capacity (herewith I enclose a map draft of one) ___ for a liquor case. I want the

Poor old General Riley, is here upon his last legs. The can___ rapidly + must soon take him off [Bennett C. Riley died June 6, 1853 in Buffalo, New York.--dff]
Being near a station, your faculties for sitting around never are ___ than mine. Give me all you have. In haste. Yours Truly Stevenson - -

Letter from J.L. Tidball to "Lieut R.W. Foote 6th Infantry Rec's Officer Boston Mass. Recd 16th June" Letter dated 25 May, 1853,

"How pleasant it would be, if you and Grand Mother, could meet her here," Letter from Kate Foote, Delhi, to R. W. Foote, Boston, 7 June, 1853

My Dear Brother,

I believe, I must plead guilty to the charge of being very remiss, in delaying so long, to answer your letter, I hope you will not ^ascribe^ it to forgetfulness, but excuse me this time, and I will try and be more punctual for the future, I would have given me great pleasure, could I have visited Newark, this spring, and seen grandMother, and also, met you in New York, but I did not wish to go, so early in the season, if I go to N.Y. this year, I would rather wait, untill the fair opens, I have thought of going in July, Sherwood, and Augustus, are talking of going to New Haven, at that time, and I may, go with them, as far as N Y, they wish me to do so, ^but^ I fear, it will be, rather warm then, in the City, so it is quite uncertain, about my going, do you not intend to visit us, this summer, I wish you would, and Grand Mother, would come with you, Charles saw her, a few moments, when he was in NY, to attend his trials, it was decided against him, he says, if he had gained it, he should have gone to see her, and insisted her to come home with him, I believe you left NY, the same day, he arrived there, had I known of his going in time, I should have written, to you, to meet him there, but he did not know it, himself, until the day, before he started, I think He has given up, going back to California, as he is making preparations, to go to house keeping, in the fall, James is still, with <the Albany> Newburg company, of surveyors, trying to find, a feasible route, through our valley, and around, our mountains, for the railroad, I hope they will succeed, and I also hope, James will find, constant employment, it would be a good business, for him, for it accords with his taste, better, than any other, that I know of.

Fanny called here, this afternoon, she looks very well, this summer, and seems to feel, in good spirits, I do not see Eben often, but he is well, and I believe intends to go, to, NY, this summer, if he tells me when he is going, in time, for me to do so, I will write you, so that you can meet him there, if you wish to, I have not heard, from Aunt Harriet, in some weeks, she was getting better, when she last wrote, I shall expect her, here, in a few weeks now, how pleasant it would be, if you and Grand Mother, could meet her here, I am sorry, you larger residence in Boston, does not seem, to increase, your love for it, that is, if you are compelled, to stay there, I never thought, I should liken it myself but many do, very much. our village, looks very beautiful now, I wish you were here, I met Mrs Root, a few days since, she had, just got back from the West, where she has been spending, the winter, with Mrs Robinson, she looks quite feeble, her health has been poor, she says all winter, she expects Mrs Leavenworth, here soon, to spend, a part, if not all of the summer, Mrs Gould wishes to be remembered to you, and will be happy, to see you here this summer, it is after ten, and I feel very tired,

I will try, and write you a longer letter, soon,
Fanny Charles and James unite with me, in love to you, please write again soon, and tell me, about your visit, with Grand Mother, to Come, good night.

Dear Rens, Your affectionate Kate —

"They intend to Stop at the Pacific Hotel corner of Greenwich & Courtland Streets," Letter from C[harles] A Foote, Delhi, New York, to his brother, Lieut R.W. Foote, June 11, 1853

Delhi June 11, 1853 Dear Brother I have no news to write that would be interesting to You we have a little Rail Road Excitement and being bout week a little more [after/later] than usual — — Capt E, F, Maxwell and Thomas Edgerton Esq from Arbor Hill will leave this place for New York City on Monday Morning the 13th Day of June and would very much Gratified to meet You in the city they will be in the city three Days perhaps four — they intend to Stop at the Pacific Hotel corner of Greenwich & Courtland Streets — — from Your Brother C, A, Foote

"But young America will probably be so less in seizing upon this, than upon Texas or Cuba," Pottsville, Pennsylvania, 11 June, 1853

My Dear Sir: I have just returned from a little tour of pleasure up into New Hampshire Vermont and N York. Had a very pleasant trip. I did not go to Boston as I had no idea of finding you there on the 4—. inst. I was in N. Y. City but a few hours. Had quite a pleasant trip and came home in better health and spirits than I have enjoyed for a long time. — Now I must give you the Army news such as I have been able to gather.— Three battery Companies are ordered. Hunt's to Washitn. Sherman's to Fort Snelling and Phelp's to Ft. Brown Texas. — Col Mansfield is Isp Genl.— Doctr Southgate and Hithcock brought 2 Inf. and Bt Maj Alexander 6- Inf will resign ~ A Crowd of Officers are at Leavenworth trying Maj [How? Hood?] 2-Dragoons 8 Companies 8-Inf. and 2 companies 2-Dragoons are expected ordered to New Mexico — The administration seems determined to set aside Mr B___'s Boundary. [prob Thomas Hart Benton's [Boundary] proposed in the Compromise of 1850. —dff] There is much talk of a war - - General may have outwitted Mr. B. but since the line has been run, it seems to me more Magnanimous and just for our powerful country to let the feeble and dictatorial Mex Gov't remain in possession of the Miserable strip of Territory. But young America will probably be so less scrupulous in seizing upon this, than upon Texas or Cuba,— Gov (William Carr) Lane of N Mex. is very hostile against Col and the army
[Capt Sykes 3 Inf] has been tried by C.M. [court martial] for whipping Mex. women. acquitted by court but proceeding, de __ by Com's Office he thought the President will ___ him. Gen Riley is much worse I have not been here long enough to get the news as I now close up to the 10th I hope to hear from you very soon. If you come to Phil- come up and spend a day with me. Now you have a fine prospect of promotion. these strings to your bow. so you had better make up your mind to ___ Boston soon I am sure you would like this place what little time you will be on Reg duty. My sweetheart is at school near Boston and you've no idea how handy it would be for me.— By the way perhaps you have got your eyes on somebody in Yankee-dom Do write soon

Truly yours Jno [Leavitt?]

From R.W. Foote, Boston, Massachusetts, to Catherine "Miss C. B[ruen]. Foote, Delhi, NY." 27 June, 1853

I received Your letter and also those of Charles the other day, and I hope you will excuse me front not answering them both, properly, as I have not the time now, as I have been much engaged of late, and leave for New York to-day. I am promoted at last, by the death of Genl Riley, and ordered to join my company in Minnesota. I am allowed by the Commdg General to delay joining my company by 20 days, or so. I shall be at Delhi to see You for a day or two. I have a Box of Papers and things to leave these with you, or Ebenezer. Your affec. Brother, Renss W Foote Capt [US] Inf

"My dear Brother," letter from Kate to her brother, Rensselaer Foote, 20 November, 1853:

My Dear Brother, When Charlie, returned from NY with the beautiful present, you sent me, I did not intend it to be so long

"I hope you will kick your Indian friends up there—for fear we may have some trudging after them, if they come down this way." Letter from J. Monroe, Fort Snelling, to Capt. Rensselaer Foote, Fort Ridgely, M. T., Dec 17, 1853

Dear Captain:

I have your letter upon matters and things at Fort Ridgely. We are going on here quickly enough. Drills continue—of all the “arms”, and will, until the weather changes decidedly—heretofore it has been entirely suitable, and indeed very agreeable, for such exercises.

I hear that the president’s message was received to-day in St. Paul, but there is nothing more known to us about it—perhaps your mail tomorrow may carry it up to you. McConnell had reckoned upon remaining here till he heard from his application for transfer, but that could not be so arranged. He is to return to your Post to-morrow. I learn that it is his intention to come down with the girl, Jane, if he can get the indulgence. It may be that the Major, on your recommendation, may give him an order to come—that is, of course, an order permitting him to come at his own charge, to report to Colonel Lee, and be attached to K Company, till his application is heard from. If this could be so, I shall be gratified—as we want the girl; as a confirmed bachelor, you can see the philosophy of aiding the wishes of a young couple so desperately awkwardly situated as these two [Asurdly?] are. I presume they must be down here in order to get the noose adjusted.

We are pretty well—except Lieut Wilson, who has a sore throat confining him to the house. There is every prospect of a heavy snow. Both rivers are yet open at the ferries.

I hope you will kick your Indian friends up there—for fear we may have some trudging after them, if they come down this way.
Yours very truly, J. Monroe

Mrs. Monroe sends her respects.



"The troops came up and attacked the village, and wiped them out. as the saying is," Letter from R.W. Foote to his brother Charles, Fort Laramie, N. T. [Nebraska Territory] September 13, 1855

My Dear Brother;
I have determined to write you a few lines tonight, although You have not written to me for a long time, notwithstanding Catherine has frequently said, You were going to.—

There is no use in telling you all about what I have been doing of late, as I have written to Catharine about it. I wrote to her not long since, and told her all about every thing most. It is quite an exciting time here at present. The Sioux War seems to have commenced in earnest, or a few days since we had an express from Gen. Harney (who is below here, some 250 miles) telling us of an engagement with the Indians. Of course there are all sorts of rumors about it at present, and I cannot give You any decisive news regarding it, As far as I can learn, Gen Harney (who is on his way to this Fort with a large command) heard that a Band of Indians had <attacked a> come up to a Train of Wagons on the road, and intimidated, or insulted them,—done something or other improper, when he went after them, and some Head Chief wanted to parley with him, or have a talk, but Gen. Harney told him to clear out,—that he wanted to fight, and told him to go and prepare himself. The Indian went off and harangued his tribe and prepared to battle. The troops came up and attacked the village, and wiped them out. as the saying is, killing some 50 or 60 Indians, and losing 4 Dragoons, besides some wounded. This is the story at present, but we can't learn the truth until Gen. Harney arrives. He is expected here to-morrow, when we will learn not only the particulars of the fight, but know what is to be— I expect a campaign, which will be an ugly one, as the weather here is already beginning to get quite cool. however, we are ignorant of every thing at present.
It is You may be sure rather lively here at present,— nothing is talked of but War—War!— and somebody may get killed. well, we have all got to die one of these days— it is the fate of all living things. The Indian traders residing in the neighborhood have all come in, or at least are coming in, and encamped near us, so that it looks quite lively here. The Indians want a good thrashing I begin to think, and Gen Harney is the man for them— there is no fooling with him. It is reported that the Head Chief of the Village [___] out was the leader of a Party who murdered a mail Party some little time since, and expecting no mercy encouraged his Village to fight the troops.
I have a good Company of soldiers, and expect to be out after Indians soon.
Captain Lovell with 100 men went over to Fort Pierre, on the [Missouri River] about a month since, and returned to-day. We were glad of his safe return. The distance was about 250 miles I think The 2nd Infantry (Fred. Steele's Regiment) are stationed there.— We now feel quite strong and independent—having Four Companies of Infantry here, and 2 Companies of Dragoons about 8 miles above us.— but many of our men are scattered about—some 20 are 40 miles off, in parties getting out Lumber to build quarters for Winter, and also in cutting hay.
I shall forward this letter the first opportunity, though no Mail will probably go to the States until Gen. Harney arrives here. The Salt Lake Mail arrived here to-night. but I expect it will stay until it gets an Escort to go to the States.
How do you get along?— and how is Ebenezer?—tell him if he was out here now with his Company Capt. Maxwell might get a Brevet, perhaps— and become a Major!— as for me, it is not my destiny, or luck, but a man who can marry two pretty women, one after the other, ought to get a Brevet— just tell him so, will you?— I should like to see him, and judge who is the oldest, he or me— I hope the old place is improving and I think it must be from what Catherine says— his second wife is a nice woman, from what I learn— you must remember me to your wife, and Kate— I suppose Kate has grown some of course.— and also remember me to all my friends— to Frances and Catherine, and James—
It is now after 11 at night, and I must go soon and visit the Guard, and look about the Post, and then go to bed. I am officer of the Day. The officer of the day is on duty for 24 hours, with a Guard of soldiers to see to the quiet and security of the Fort or Camp, and is relieved in the morning at Guard mounting by another officer.
Well, I will bid you good night, and hope I shall soon hear from you.
Your Sincere Brother, Renss W Foote Capt [] Inf—


"The Rats, as you might say, nearly overran the Post." Receipt for Clothing. From Rensselaer Foote, "before H.B. Hardcastle, 2nd Lieut. 6th Infantry," 24 April, 1857

I certify that the following articles of Clothing, appertaining to Company C. 6th Infy. and for which Capt. R.W. Foote, 6th Infy is accountable, wre unavoidably damaged by Rats, at Fort Ridgely, M.T. in 1854, and condemned by a Board of Survey, at that Post, May 12, 1854. viz:

  • 5 Five Privates Wool Overalls
  • One Flan Shirt
  • 1 One " Drawers
  • 5 Five Stockings
  • 2 Two Great Coats. {The Rats, as you might say, nearly overran the Post.}

Given under my hand, at Fort Laramie, N T.
Sworn and Subscribed to John Lynch Sergt "Co C" this 24th day of April 1857. at Fort Laramie. N.T.

Letter from Harriet Eaton, Albany, to R.W. Foote, 25 August, 1857

My dear Friend,

Having received intelligence of your recent arrival in New York I hasten to welcome home again the highly esteemed friend of my parents. You will not I trust think strange of my familiarity of expression for our acquaintance in my more juvenile days seems rather to entitle me to such freedom with you.

We are longing very much to see you and hope to be favored with your presence at your earliest convenience. I need not add how delighted Mrs Crandall will be to see you for I assure you she has not forgotten her old friends. There is to be a wedding at her house on the coming Thursday eve and it would give us so much pleasure to have you come up and go with us. Do come, at all events we shall expect you unless you positively write that you will not come. I am very anxious to see you once again. Memory furnishes me but an indistinct recollection of you but Mother speaks of you so frequently that it seems as if I already know you well. We hope to see you very soon. Believe me with kind regards

Your attached and diminutive young Friend Harriet Eaton

American Hotel, State Street Albany.

"It is the longest continuous march performed by the foot soldiers of a regular army of which there is any record in history." Sacramento Daily Union, Volume 16, Number 2380, 12 November 1858, "THE SIXTH INFANTRY."

The arrival and passage through our streets of the Sixth Regiment United States Infantry, created no little excitement in tiie city yesterday. So unusual and interesting an event was well calculated to excite the wonder of our people. It is rarely that the spectacle is presented, in a time of peace, of a full regiment completely equipped, accompanied by its baggage train, hospital wagons, artisans' shops, herds, loose animals and other details of a moving camp, marching through a State capital. It is the first time that so large a body of regular troops has passed through Sacramento, and probably the first time that so large a portion of the army has ever been seen in regular marching order within the borders of California. In 1847, Colonel Cook's Battalion, composed of volunteers enlisted from the Mormons, crossed the continent by a southern route and entered the lower part of the State, where they were disbanded. General Kearny's command of dragoons, which arrived and took part in some of the battles in the southern country during the Mexican war, also crossed overland. With these exceptions, all the troops destined for the Pacific Division have been transported by sea to this country, and in the same way transferred from place to place up and down the coast as the exigencies of the service have required. This has been an expensive mode of proceeding tor the Government, and surprise has often been expressed that the War Department should choose this course in preference to land marches. In 1857, Secretary Davis was induced to make an exchange of regiments on the Missouri frontier for one (the Fourth Infantry, we believe) stationed in Oregon, both regiments to cross overland. Orders were issued to that effect, but for some reason we have never fully understood, they were countermanded. The Sixth Infantry is the first regiment that has crossed the Plains to California.

But what has made their journey most interesting is the fact that it is the longest continuous march performed by the foot soldiers of a regular army of which there is any record in history. The distance which this regiment has traveled, on reaching Benicia, is just 2,100 miles. The Sixth Infantry left Fort Leavenworth on the 27th of May, and expect to arrive at their destination (Benicia) on the 15th of November. They will therefore have been 190 days ou the march, not counting those of departure and arrival. Or, taking the number of marching days, as the regiment remained in camp on Sundays, the duration of their journey, all performed on foot, will have been 102 days. They have averaged about 100 miles per week. In this long match the regiment has not suffered the loss of a man, nor been afflicted with sickness beyond the usual portion of an army in the field. A portion of the route traversed lay through a country studiously represented in Washington as inhospitable and even hostile, and it has been traveled at a season deemed unfavorable, if not, for a small part of the distance, inclement. Yet not only are men and animals in a good condition for the termination of so long and hard a journey, but there has been no loss of stock worth mentioning. Out of about 1,100 mules the loss has only been about thirty.

The original destination of the Sixth Infantry was Oregon. It was intended that they should cross into the scene of the late Indian disturbances in the North, falling on the rear of the hostile tribes. But the lateness of the season in which they arrived at Fort Bridger determined Col. Andrews to take his command into California and place them under the immediate disposition of the Commander of the Division. This has proved a fortunate circumstance, for the troops, not being needed in Oregon, will be sent to garrison San Bernardino, San Diego, San Francisco Presidio, Benicia, and Fort Humboldt, where they are really wanted. The regiment left Fort Bridger on the 21st of August. They marched from that point by the Bear river route via Soda Springs, taking Hudspeth's cut-off, which brought them into the trail followed by the Salt Lake mail coaches, near the point known as the City of Rocks. The distance by this route is much less than that usually traveled, being only 298 miles from Fort Bridger to the junction of the cut-off with the mail route. The water and feed was good on the Humboldt, and neither soldiers nor stock suffered in the least from alkali. There was no inconvenience from want of water on the desert.

The difficulties of the journey began only within a few days' journey of our frontiers. On the 15th of October, at the Big Bend of the Carson river, they experienced a fall of snow. It lay only a few inches, but it occasioned the loss of a few animals. The regiment had reached Carson Valley when the heavy storm of the 21st ult., which visited all the northern portions of the State, spent its fury in that mountainous region. There was a snow storm, which lasted, with slight intermissions, three days. The greatest depth of snow through which the troops had to cross the mountains was eighteen inches, and it was oftener eight inches. Between Carson Valley and Placerville, they made their worst days' marches, traveling sometimes only two and four miles. This, Captain Hancock informs us, was the only really hard place in the route, but that its difficulties will be wholly avoided on the new grade now constructing.

The men bore the fatigue well, and their general conduct is favorably represented by their officers. They appear to have been well fed on the way. About 6,000 pounds of bread, and a similar amount of bacon, have been their weekly rations, along with small stores. Beef cattle have been driven over from Fort Leavenworth, and issued at the rate of about eight per week. There were about 150 in the herd when it started, and there are still fifty head remaining. The daily issue of barley has been about 10,000 pounds, and since their dependence on the feed along the route ceased, about 14,000 pounds of hay per day has been issued. The cost of forage is not less than $800 per day, and for ration about $800. The number of troops comprising the regiment is 600, and there are 200 employeés, chiefly teamsters and mechanics. Three women, only, are attached the the regiment, as laundresses. There are 133 six mule teams, 4 four mule spring wagons, with 150 extra animals. The whole number of mules is about 1,060. They are mostly American stock, the remnant of the Salt Lake army animals. As this devouring army has passed through the towns since entering our State, the rates of provender have gone up, and subsided only on its leaving, a very rare and curious phenomenon.

The Sixth Infantry is one of the most distinguished regiments in the service. It was Colonel (afterwards General) Taylor's regiment in Florida, and with it be won his laurels in several hard fought contests. In Mexico, the Sixth won similar honors, suffering terribly in the actions of Cherubusco and Molino del Rey. It made some famous marches in that country, passing from General Taylor's to General Scott's wing after the battle of Buena Vista. Some of its officers received wounds in Florida and Mexico. The Colonel of the regiment is Brevet General Clarke, Commander of the Department of California in the Pacific Division.

The following is a list of the present officers of the Sixth Infantry : Lieutenant Colonel George Andrews Geo. Andrews (in command), Brevet Lieutenant Colonel Wm. Hoffman, Captain Wm. S. Ketchum, Captain Charles Swain Lovell Charles S. Lovell, Brevet Major Edward Johnson, Captain Thomas Hendrickson, Captain Rensselaer Foote, Brevet Major Lewis A. Armstead, Captain Richard B. Garnett, Captain Franklin F. Flint, Brevet Captain Winfield S. Hancock (Quartermaster), Lieutenants Levi C. Bootes, Darius D. Clark, William P. Caslin, James L. Corley (Adjutant), Elisha G. Marshall, Benjamin F. Smith, Silas P. Higgins ; Second Lieutenants, H. F. Lee, Edward Dillon Montgomery Bryant, Archibald J. Harrison, William James A. Smith, Charles G. Sawtelle (Acting Assistant Quartermaster), John McCleary, Aaron B. Hardcastle, Orlando H. Moore, Owen K. McLemore. Several of the officers of the regiment are absent.

The troops passed through our city, yesterday, between 10 and 11 o'clock. They attracted much attention, and although is fatigue dress, travel worn and dusty, presented a good appearance. The column moved down J street and crossed the bridge, encamping about three miles from Washington, in the edge of the tules. In the city they were preceded by their field and regimental bands, playing lively airs, and followed by their train of nearly 180 wagons, the rear brought up by some 40 or 50 soldiers under arrest, guarded by a detachment detailed by the officer of the day. The camp was visited in the afternoon by a large number of ladies and gentlemen, who witnessed the exercises of guard mounting with great pleasure. It was a source of much regret among our citizens that the shortness of the stay of the regiment near our city prevented our extending to them the usual hospitalities. The officers speak in high terms of praise of our our country and climate, and the reception given them along the route, particularly by the citizens of Placerville. In speaking of their long journey they award great praise to the manner in which the Quartermaster's Department has been conducted. Of course they look forward to their arrival at Benicia, and a period of relaxation and repose, with great satisfaction. They should reach Benicia in four days.

We should not omit to notice that the Sixth Regiment are armed with the new percussion cap rifled musket, with Maynard's patent primer attached. It is a terribly destructive weapon, its range being eight hundred yards. The camp is also provided with Sibley's tents, a great improvement over the old army tent.

"Review of the Sixth Regiment United States Infantry." Clipping, publisher unknown. Pencil notation, 15 November, 1858

The arrival of the efficient Regiment at Benicia, after its arduous and unprecedented march of 2100 miles from Fort Levenworth, was briefly announced by us last week; but the distinguished reputation it has won in the Army in the course of many years continued service in the field, under the eminent officers who have successively filled the Colonelcy of the Regiment, entitles it to more than a passing notice.

On Wednesday last it was our fortune to witness at its encampment, near the United States Barracks, at Benicia, a spectacle rarely beheld in time of peace, and no common occurrence in war; one that the citizens of California are not likely to view for many years, owing to the exigencies of the service in the department of such wide extent of territory. On that day its veteran Colonel, Brevet Brigadier-General Clarke, commanding the Department of California, reviewed and inspected the Regiment, in its full compliment of ten companies, numbering in all 600 rank and file. The occasion was the more interesting from the fact, that although he was promoted to its Colonelcy twelve years since, the Regiment has never been collected together during the period of his command, until its various companies were concentrated previous to its march over the continent.

It is proper to give a succinct history of the career of a corps of such enviable repute. Forming part of fo the regular organization previous to the war of 1812, it reaped numerous laurels in the severe engagements that occurred on our northern frontier. It is worthy of note that its present Colonel, General Clarke, was promoted to a Captaincy in the Regiment in 1815, exactly forty three years ago.

Upon the reduction of the Army in 1816, it was in part incorporated with the remnants of other corps, still retaining its numerical distinction, and under the brave Gen. Atkinson, served many years on our North-western boundaries, in conducting surveys and quelling Indian outbreaks. Subsequently transferred to the frontiers of Arkansas and the present state of Texas, it performed equally...

Arrivals Yesterday at the Principal Hotels, The Times-Picayune, New Orleans, Louisiana, 24 Dec., 1858;8:

St. Charles Hotel ... Captain Hendrickson, Capt. R.W. Foote, C. Fletcher, USA. [many more]

"United States Troops for Oregon." The Daily Dispatch, Richmond Virginia, 19 October, 1859:

—A detachment of two hundred and fifty recruits for Oregon is to sail from New York on the 20th instant, accompanied by the following army officers:
Major Albemarle Cady, sixty infantry, commanding detachment. Captain Andrew J. Smith, first dragoons. Captain John Buford, Jr., second dragoons. Brevet Major George P. Andrews, captain, third artillery.—Captain Rensselaer W. Foote, sixth infantry. First Lieutenant Benjamin F. Smith, sixth infantry. Second Lieutenant Aaron B. Hardcastle, sixth infantry.

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